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The Reform of Rural Land System and the Rural Social Governance in the New Era: Policies and Measures (Special Issue, No.49, 2019)


By Zhang Xiaohuan, Research Team on “Rural Governance Innovation in China in the New Era”, Institute of Public Administration and Human Resources, DRC

Research Report, Special Issue, No.49, 2019 (Total 1677) 2019-7-29

Abstract: At present, the focus of China’s rural land system reform is to realize the separation of ownership, contracting rights and management rights of the contracted land, to promote the smooth entry of collective management construction land into the market by establishing a unified urban and rural land market, to realize the separation of ownership, qualification, and use rights of the homestead, and to improve the land requisition system. This will generate new elites and talents for rural land, accelerate rural industrial concentration and disintegration of acquaintance community, and change the causes of the income gap among rural residents. The problem of income distribution from collective land assets will gradually be obvious and the class stratification of rural society will accelerate overall, which will pose a challenge for the work of village committees and grassroots-level Party organizations. To this end, we must strictly abide by the red line of land reform, ensure fairness and justice in land revenue distribution, strengthen the building of rural grassroots-level Party organizations, continuously take in and cultivate land elites, rural social organizations and new talents to participate in rural social governance, improve the rule of law and marketization in rural social governance, build a unified social security system for urban and rural areas, and enhance institutional support and service packages for land system reform.

Key words: land reform, social governance, village self-governance