A Party girl leads China's online revolution
By HOWARD W. FRENCH (The New York Times)
Updated: 2005-11-25 09:52
On her fourth day of keeping a Web log, she introduced herself to the world
with these striking words: "I am a dance girl, and I am a party
"I don't know if I can be counted
as a successful Web cam dance girl," that early post continued. "But I'm sure
that looking around the world, if I am not the one with the highest diploma, I
am definitely the dance babe who reads the most and thinks the deepest, and I'm
most likely the only party member among them."
Pictures from the Web log of a self-described
Communist Party member from Shanghai who goes by the pseudonym Mu Mu. One
expert says China's new bloggers talk back to authority, "but in a
Thus was born, early in July, what many regard as China's most popular blog.
Sometimes timing is everything, and such was the case with the anonymous
blogger, a self-described Communist Party member from Shanghai who goes by the
pseudonym Mu Mu.
A 25-year-old, Mu Mu appears online most evenings around midnight, shielding
her face while striking poses that are provocative, but never sexually explicit.
She parries questions from some of her tens of thousands of avid followers
with witticisms and cool charm.
Chinese Web logs have existed since early in this decade, but the form has
exploded in recent months, giving flesh to the kind of free-spoken civil
Web experts say the surge in blogging is a result of strong growth in
broadband Internet use, coupled with a huge commercial push by the country's
Internet providers aimed at wooing users. Common estimates of the numbers of
blogs in China range from one million to two million and growing fast.
The new wave of blogging took off earlier this year. In the past, a few
pioneers of the form stood out, but now huge communities of bloggers are
springing up around the country, with many of them promoting one another's
online offerings, books, music or, as in Mu Mu's case, a running, highly ironic
commentary about sexuality, intellect and political identity.
Xiao Qiang, director of the China Internet Project at the University of
California, Berkeley said: "People have often said you can say anything you want
in China around the dinner table, but not in public. Now the blogs have become
the dinner table, and that is new.
A fresh example was served up last week with the announcement by China of
five cartoonlike mascot figures for the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. They were
lavishly praised in the press - and widely ridiculed in blogs that seemed to
accurately express public sentiment toward them.
"It's not difficult to create a mascot that's silly and ugly," wrote one
blogger. "The difficulty is in creating five mascots, each sillier and uglier
than the one before it."
A leading practitioner of the sly, satirical style that is emerging here as
an influential form of political and social commentary is a 38-year-old Beijing
entertainment journalist named Wang Xiaofeng.
Mr. Wang, who runs a site called Massage Milk, is better known to bloggers by
his nickname, Dai San Ge Biao, which means Wears Three Watches.
His blog mixes an infectious cleverness with increasingly forthright
commentary on current events.
In a recent commentary, as the patriotic sentiment was stoked
during the commemoration of the defeat of the Japanese in World War II, Mr. Wang
asked who really fought the enemy, making the provocative observation that only
two Communist generals had died fighting Japan, while more than 100 of their
Nationalist counterparts had.
"In blogging I don't need to be concerned about taboos," Mr. Wang said. "I
don't need to borrow a euphemism to express myself. I can do it more directly,
using the exact word I want to, so it feels a lot freer."
Another emerging school of blogging involves bringing Chinese Web surfers
more closely in touch with things happening outside their country.
Typically, this involves avid readers of English who scour foreign Web sites
and report on their findings, adding their own commentary, in Chinese blogs.
Several bloggers like this have become opinion leaders, usually in areas like
technology, culture, current events or fashion, building big followings by being
fast and prolific.
One of the leading sites was run by Isaac Mao, a Shanghai investment manager
who had built a following writing about education and technology.
Mr. Mao, an organizer of the first national bloggers' conference in Shanghai
this month, recently went online at isaacmao.blogbus.com/s1034872/index.html.
By far the biggest category of blogs remains the domain of the personal
diary, and in this crowded realm, getting attention places a premium on
For the past few months, Mu Mu, the Shanghai dancer, has held pride of place,
revealing glimpses of her body while maintaining an intimate and clever banter
with her many followers, who are carefully kept in the dark about her real
"In China, the concepts of private life and public life
have emerged only in the past 10 to 20 years," she said in an online interview.
"Before that, if a person had any private life, it only included their physical
privacy - the sex life, between man and woman, for couples.
"I'm fortunate to live in a transitional society, from a highly political one
to a commercial one," she wrote, "and this allows me to enjoy private pleasures,
Courtesy of the New York Times