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China releases first ever human resources report
Updated: 2004-04-24 15:08

The Development Research Center (DRC) of the State Council publicized here on Saturday China's first human resources development report which combs the country's current human resources situation and gives suggestions accordingly.

The report has examined issues including but not limited to Chinese enterprises' human resources system construction, working post and payment management, personnel employment, training, social security and employee performance management.

Taking shape after year-long joint investigation efforts by over 100 Chinese human resources experts, the Human Resources Management for Chinese Enterprises During Transitional Period is widely viewed as a collection of China's most authoritative survey results regarding various issues in the human resources field in China.

"The report aims at providing facts supporting the government in designing human resources development and management policies, helping enterprises lift their expertise and providing basic figures for experts' study," said deputy DRC director Chen Qingtai.

The report is done on the basis of distributing question sheets to more than 2100 randomly sampled enterprises of different ownership backdrops, said Dr. Lin Zeyan, responsible for the survey work.

According to the report, despite some obvious progress Chinese enterprises have made in human resources work, they still lag far behind in fostering would-be enterprises leaders, designing employee career development plans and practices to handle complaints.

Most Chinese enterprise employees are satisfied with their current payment, but there remains a big gap to fill in for social security coverage among them. More than 10 percent of the surveyed enterprises didn't pay basic endowment insurance and housing accumulation funds for employees, the report said.

It also indicates that Chinese enterprise executives earn on average 3 to 15 times more incomes that that of common employees.

Executives paid 3-15 times higher than employees

Executives in Chinese enterprises have received increasing pay enlarging the gap with ordinary employees after an economic reform underwent for some 20 years in China, said a report Saturday.

In 1,061 Chinese enterprises, or 61.2 percent of the total surveyed, general managers were paid three to 15 times higher than employees, said the report on personnel management of Chinese enterprises issued by the Development Research Center of the State Council (DRCSC).

General managers in some 111 enterprises surveyed, or 6.4 percent, got the pay 50 times higher than ordinary employees.

In some 151 companies surveyed, or 8.7 percent of the total, the general managers' pay was 15 to 20 times higher than employees. It was 20 to 25 times higher in 92 firms, or 5.3 percent of the total and 25 to 50 times higher in 128 companies, accounting for 7. 4 percent.

The report said the salary gap between executives and ordinary employees has widen in enterprises of all ownership but executives of non-state enterprises are paid more than those of state-owned enterprises.

Among foreign, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan joint ventures on the Chinese mainland, 14.7 percent paid their executives 25 to 50 times higher than employees and 15.3 percent paid them over 50 times higher, the report said.

Senior managers of joint stock companies and private ones received the second highest salary and those of collective enterprises got the least, the report noted.

The larger the company is, the more their executives are paid, it added. General managers were paid 50 times higher than common employees in over 9 percent of all the enterprises with their total asset more than 300 million yuan.

The salary of executives in east China is also more than those in central and west China, the report said.

The general managers were paid 25 to 50 times higher than employees or even higher in 15 percent of the enterprises in east China, 5 percentage points higher than that in central and west China.

72.7 percent Chinese employees satisfied with pay

Some 72.7 percent of Chinese employees was satisfied with their salary, said a report issued by the Development Research Center of the State Council (DRCSC) Saturday.

The DRCSC had sent 2,100 questionnaires to enterprises sampled across the country in the past 12 months and 1,883 were valid.

Around 72.7 percent of the employees surveyed said they were " satisfied," "very much satisfied" or "quite satisfactory" with their pay while the rest ticked off "unsatisfied" or "quite unsatisfied," the report said.

According to the DRCSC, employees in west and central China are more satisfied with their income than those in the east region.

75.8 percent of the employees surveyed in central China and 76. 5 percent in west China said their salary was satisfactory while 71.6 percent in east China.

Central China had the most employees who were "very much satisfied" and "quite satisfied" with their pay, the report added.

Some 82.1 percent of the employees of collective enterprises was content with the pay while 71.1 percent in state-owned ones, 71.5 percent in private ones and 73.9 percent in foreign-funded, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan-funded companies.

The report noted that 90.3 percent of employees working for public utility was satisfied with their salary, the highest ratio among all industries, and the lowest 62.7 percent fell on post service.

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