China's per capita GDP to hit US$3,000 in 2020
Chinese President Hu Jintao said Saturday that China faces a long and uphill battle to make its modernization drive a success and deliver a prosperous life for all the Chinese people.
Hu made the remark at the opening session of the Boao Forum for Asia 2004 Annual Conference, which is going on in the southern China province of Hainan.
The president said that in the past 25 years, while pressing ahead with reform and opening up, China has put in place a socialist market economy, an economy that is open to the outside world.
China's national strength have been constantly enhanced. With various social undertakings developing in full swing, the Chinese people as a whole have made the historical leap from subsistence to modest prosperity.
In the course of 25 years between 1978 and 2003, he said, China's economy grew by an average annual rate of 9.4%, with its GDP, foreign trade and foreign exchange reserves jumping from 147.3 billion dollars, 20.6 billion dollars and 167 million dollars to over 1.4 trillion dollars, 851.2 billion dollars and 403.3 billion dollars respectively. China now is the world's 6th largest economy and the 4th largest trader.
"The reason why China has produced such tremendous changes is because we have adhered to the road of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and persevered in reform and opening-up, thus galvanizing the Chinese people's initiative, enthusiasm and creativity," Hu said.
Though China has achieved impressive results in its development, there are still many acute problems, such as over-population, weak economic foundation, under-developed productivity, highly uneven development, and a fairly sharp contradiction between the country's ecological environment and natural resources on the one hand and its economic and social development on the other. China's per capita GDP, though reaching the record high of 1,000 US dollars last year, still ranks behind the 100th place in the world.
"To make China's modernization program a success and deliver a prosperous life for all the Chinese people still requires a long and uphill battle," he said.
*** Per-capita GDP of 3,000 dollars by 2020
Hu said that building a well-off society of a higher standard in an all-round way for the benefit of well over 1 billion people is his government's long-term goal. China will try to quadruple its 2000 GDP to 4 trillion US dollars, with a per capita GDP of 3,000 dollars by the year 2020.
"We will take economic development as our top priority, and follow a development path characterized by high productivity, affluent life and sound eco-system by properly balancing urban and rural development, development among regions, economic and social development, development of man and nature, and domestic development and opening to the outside world," the president said.
China will mainly rely on institutional and technological innovation, expanding domestic demand and increasing the professional aptitude of Chinese.
*** Asian Economic Integration
Hu Jintao said that China will enhance friendship and political trust and good-neighborliness as it sincerely wishes to cultivate with other Asian countries an overall and close partnership geared to Asian rejuvenation.
"This is a partnership that features equality and mutual trust politically, mutual benefit and win-win economically, exchange and emulation culturally, and dialogue and cooperation on the security front", Hu said.
As part of its efforts to this end, China will develop partnerships with other Asian countries on the basis of the United Nations Charter and the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, treating all countries as equals irrespective of size and committing to settling whatever disputes there might be through dialogue.
China hopes to see stronger high-level ties and interactions at other levels with other fellow Asian countries, and more timely consultations and coordination on major international and regional issues, the president said.
Hu said that China hopes to study with fellow Asian countries on possible free trade arrangements of various forms consistent with prospective cooperation network of free trade areas in Asia. China is ready to step up coordination with other Asian partners on macro-economic and financial policies and probe into the establishment of regional cooperation regime of investors, securities market, and financial institutions.
*** Full Text of Hu Jintao's Speech
Ladies and Gentlemen,
It is China's sincere wish to cultivate with the fellow Asian countries an overall and close partnership geared to Asian rejuvenation, a partnership that features equality and mutual trust politically, mutual benefit and win-win economically, exchange and emulation culturally, and dialogue and cooperation on the security front. To this end, China will take the following steps:
First, enhancing friendship and political trust and good- neighborliness. China will develop partnerships with other Asian countries on the basis of the UN Charter and the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, treating all countries as equals irrespective of size and committing to settling whatever disputes there might be through dialogue. China hopes to see stronger high-level ties and interactions at other levels with other fellow Asian countries, and more timely consultations and coordination on major international and regional issues.
Second, expanding and deepening bilateral economic cooperation. China is ready to develop all-round economic cooperation with fellow Asian countries with emphasis on trade, investment, natural resources, information, pharmaceuticals, health service, environmental protection, transportation, science and technology, agriculture, poverty alleviation, and development of human resources. China will continue taking practical steps to help other developing Asian countries with their economic development through preferential policies. China will encourage its enterprises to take Asia as their principal destination for " going global" strategy, and combines its western development strategy and the Northeast rejuvenation strategy with strengthened economic cooperation with the neighboring countries.
Third, accelerating regional economic integration. China hopes to study with fellow Asian countries on possible free trade arrangements of various forms consistent with prospective cooperation network of free trade areas in Asia. China is ready to step up its coordination with other Asian partners on macro- economic and financial policies and probe into the establishment of regional cooperation regime of investors, securities market, and financial institutions. China will work actively to promote the institutional building of all kinds of economic cooperation organizations with a view to consolidating resources, prioritizing the key areas and conducting performance-oriented cooperation.
Fourth, promoting cultural interaction and personnel exchanges. China is committed to stronger cultural exchanges in Asia, and encourages media cooperation to jointly build an Asia-wide cultural market. China supports inter-culture and inter-religion dialogues in Asia, and advocates greater understanding and tolerance. China is ready to work with other Asian countries in promoting youth exchanges, and providing greater convenience for people's travel on public, business and tourist purposes.
Fifth, facilitating security dialogue and military-to-military exchanges. China will stick to its new security concept featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and cooperation, and hopes to establish a security relationship and cooperation featuring non-alignment, non-confrontation, and non-targeting at any third party. China will step up its cooperation and dialogue with other Asian countries in such security areas as regional counter-terrorism, combating transnational crimes, maritime security, and non- proliferation, giving full play to existing multilateral security mechanisms. China is ready to set up a military security dialogue mechanism with other Asian countries and actively promote confidence-building cooperation in the military field.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
China's development cannot be achieved in isolation of Asia, and Asia's prosperity also needs China. China will follow a peaceful development path holding high the banners of peace, development and cooperation, join the other Asian countries in bringing about Asian rejuvenation, and making greater contribution to the lofty cause of peace and development in the world.