Bush to announce missions to Mars, moon
( 2004-01-09 15:06) (Agencies)
Buoyed by a successful landing on Mars by a robot explorer, U.S. President George W. Bush plans a major announcement on space policy next week that may lead to sending Americans back to the moon, congressional aides said on Thursday.
Nearly a year after the shuttle Columbia exploded on reentering the atmosphere, sending NASA into a deep spell of melancholy, Bush is expected to outline a sweeping vision of US space leadership.
He is expected to propose a new lunar initiative that could lead to a mission to Mars in the long term, said the sources, who asked to remain unidentified.
Speaking to reporters in Florida, White House Press Secretary Scott McClellan said that after the Columbia tragedy Bush made clear his desire for US space exploration to continue.
"The president directed his administration to do a comprehensive review of our space policy, including our priorities and the future direction of the program, and the president will have more to say on it next week," McClellan said, declining to reveal any details in advance.
Bush is scheduled to be in Mexico on Monday and Tuesday so any announcement is not expected before Wednesday.
Congressional sources said the administration was also considering setting up a more streamlined hierarchy for guiding the government's wide-ranging space programs and coordinating its research and development.
Under this scenario, there could be more exchanges of technology between NASA and the Defense Department.
Some members of Congress are worried about ensuring the United States remains the global leader in space exploration.
"If we don't do it, somebody else will," said Tennessee Rep. Bart Gordon, a ranking Democrat on the House Science Committee. "The Chinese, the Europeans and the Japanese all have the goal of going to the moon. Certainly we don't want to wake up and see that they have a base there before we do."
NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND ENERGY SOURCES
The new space plan was spearheaded in large part by NASA administrator Sean O'Keefe, who was appointed by Bush to restore credibility to an agency plagued by budget troubles, including billions of dollars in cost overruns at the international space station.
Vice President Dick Cheney was also involved in the policy development, along with other senior Bush advisers. The administration was said to see the initiative as an important national security measure and experts said it could lead to new technologies and potential new sources of energy.
Bush's father, former U.S. President George Bush, had proposed a mission to Mars that was scuttled because of concerns over its high cost. The younger Bush likewise faces budgetary constraints including a budget deficit expected to top $500 billion this year alone.
Experts say a moon mission could be done without a significant increase in the budget by spreading the cost over seven to 10 years.
"You can use the existing infrastructure and be back on the moon in 5 to 10 years with a modest investment. You don't have to double the NASA budget," said Paul Spudis, a planetary scientist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Baltimore, Maryland.
Bush's election-year announcement is likely to face challenges from fiscal conservatives and Democrats who want him to focus on domestic issues like education and health care. But the ambitious proposal will strike a chord with some lawmakers.
"We should go to the moon and set up a research base there. That then will provide the opportunities to develop technologies and systems that will allow us to have human space expeditions to the moon or Mars or other places later," Gordon said.
Experts said the goal should be to set up a research base on the moon to test technologies that would be useful on a mission to Mars.
"The idea is to go to Mars. And the way you get to Mars is you go to the moon and you practice three days from home. It's the equivalent of climbing Mount Rainier and preparing for Mount Everest," said Howard McCurdy, a space-policy expert at American University in Washington.
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