XINING - Authorities in northwest China have launched a massive program to protect the Qinghai Lake, the country's largest inland salt lake, from further environmental degradation.
Qinghai provincial governor Song Xiuyan Monday pledged to restore the beauty of the Qinghai Lake with an investment of 1.57 billion yuan (about US$ 224 million) over 10 years.
"The program will effectively protect and restore the ecological environment of the Qinghai Lake valley, gradually halt the falling water level in the lake, safeguard the ecological stability in the lake area, and greatly improve conditions for production and living standards in the lake valley," said Song.
The program will be carried out in the counties of Gangcha, Haiyan, Tianjun and Gonghe, all in the Qinghai Lake valley.
The tasks includes wetland protection, harnessing of degraded grassland, grassland rodent and insect pest control and prevention, desertification control, plantation of trees, reverting pasture to grassland, and resident relocation for ecological protection, she said.
Situated in the northeast part of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the lake valley covers 29,600 square kilometers. Qinghai Lake, at more than 3,200 meters above the sea level, boasts a water area of 4,232 square km. Considered sacred by Tibetans, it is home to 189 species of bird and a crucial barrier against the invasion of desert from the west.
According to the provincial environment protection administration, the lake shrank by more than 380 sq km from 1959 to 2006, and the average water level dropped three meters to the present 18 meters.
More than 111,800 hectares of land around the lake is threatened with desertification caused by overgrazing and global warming, according to the provincial forestry department.
The Chinese government has invested 470 million yuan to recover vegetation around the lake and tackle desertification. It has also banned fishing in the lake since 1982.