By harnessing the energy unleashed by hydro-, nuclear, thermal, wind and
biomass power as well as a structural adjustment of the coal industry, the
country expects to significantly reduce emissions of the greenhouse gases (GHGs)
responsible for climate change, a plan released yesterday by the National
Development and Reform Commission, said.
China's National Climate Change Program calls for efforts to reduce emissions
of carbon dioxide (CO2), the main culprit in climate change, by 720 metric tons
by 2010. It also expects to trim emissions of other gasses by the equivalent of
230 metric tons of carbon dioxide during the period.
The plan predicts that the exploitation of hydropower will reduce CO2
emissions by 500 metric tons during the period. However, it also calls for due
attention to be paid to protecting the environment surrounding hydropower
projects and efforts to relocate affected local populations.
This portion of the plan emphasizes hydropower resources in western China and
the development of other small-scale resources in other parts of the country.
The plan projects reductions of a further 50 metric tons of CO2 by relying
more on nuclear power, which it descries as an "important component of national
The country is to gradually increase nuclear power's share of the national
primary energy supply and build more nuclear power stations in costal regions.
The plan emphasizes the "independent and domestic construction of large-scale
nuclear power stations".
The development of thermal power is to help the country cut a further 110
metric tons of CO2 emissions. Obsolete thermal power sources are to be phased
out, while small-scale natural gas or coal bed methane electric power plants,
large combined-cycle units and other efficient and clean power-generation
technologies will be developed.
The plan also calls for further efforts to develop power cogeneration, the
process by which the energy lost during power generation is converted to heat
and cool. In addition, more efforts will be made to strengthen power grid
The country expects to reduce emissions of other GHGs by the equivalent of
200 metric tons of CO2 by upgrading the coal-bed methane (CBM) and coal-mine
methane (CMM) industry. CBM and CMM are sources of natural gas.
China's efforts to expand CBM exploration, development and utilization are
expected to yield the additional benefit of reducing mining accidents and
Preferential policies will include the total or partial exemption of
utilization fees for surface extraction and projects involving prospecting and
The country expects to reduce emissions of other GHGs by the equivalent of 30
metric tons of CO2 by developing bio-energy sources like marsh gas, biomass
briquette and biomass liquid fuel. And wind, solar, geothermal and tidal energy
will help the country shed an additional 60 metric tons of CO2 emissions.
(China Daily 06/05/2007 page4)