A top government advisor has come to the defense of much-maligned private
entrepreneurs, saying that it is unfair to assume that all of them are guilty of
"original sin" on their way to riches.
"Original sin" refers to the notion floating around in China for the last few
years suggesting that most, if not all, private entrepreneurs started their
businesses with shady deals.
The allegation is unfounded, Huang Mengfu, vice-chairman of the National
Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference the
country's top political advisory body said yesterday.
He admitted that there have been a number of high-profile criminal and
corruption cases involving private entrepreneurs.
But they do not provide the ground for lumping and labelling all of them
together, said Huang, also chairman of the All-China Federation of Industry and
"The notion of 'original sin' suggests that every single private entrepreneur
has a suspicious background," Huang said. "That is unfair."
Huang said those who have breached the law should be punished in accordance
with the law, but they do not represent all private business people.
The social sentiment of "original sin" has had an impact on some policymaking
processes and exerted much pressure on entrepreneurs, he added.
He praised private entrepreneurs' role in development. The non-State sector
makes up about two-thirds of the nation's economy and generates three-fourths of
the jobs in urban areas.
The number of private enterprises grew to 4.95 million in 2006, up 15
percent, Huang said.
The private sector now accounts for more than 57 percent of all enterprises
in China, and employs 64 million.
In a separate category, small businesses provided 50.5 million jobs in 2006,
according to the government advisor.
Private enterprises paid 349.5 billion yuan ($44.8 billion) in tax last year,
up 28.6 percent year on year and higher than the average national growth.
Individual businesses paid 119.5 billion yuan ($15.3 billion) in tax, up 18.6
percent, Huang reported.
The central government issued a 36-point guideline to support the development
of the non-State economy in 2005 but obstacles still remain, he said.
"Progress has been slow in lowering the old market barriers," he said, adding
that credit channels for private businesses, in particular, continue to be a
(China Daily 02/01/2007 page1)