The warming weather may pose a challenge to the country's long-term food
security, according to an official report on climate change.
China's output of major crops like rice, wheat and corn could fall by up to
37 percent in the second half of this century if no effective measures are taken
to curb greenhouse gases in the coming 20 to 50 years, according to the report.
Global warming will negatively impact China's ecological, social and economic
systems, especially farming, animal husbandry and the country's water supply.
Some damage will be irreversible, said the report.
The average temperature in China has risen by 0.5 to 0.8 degrees in the past
century and is expected to go up another 2 to 3 degrees in the coming 50 to 80
years, it said.
Most areas in China, especially northern areas, will get drier, even though
annual rainfall may increase 7 to 10 percent, it said.
The greater demand for water for agriculture will affect the prices of farm
produce, it said.
Chongqing Municipality and neighbouring province Sichuan in Southwest China
were ravaged by the worst drought in more than 50 years last year.
China's central and western regions will suffer an annual water shortage of
about 20 billion cubic meters from 2010 to 2030, the report said.
The report also predicted that floods and droughts would more common as water
evaporates more rapidly from rivers.
The rate of evaporation of water from the Yellow River, China's second
longest, will increase by 15 percent a year, it said.
It also warned that coastal areas would face a greater threat of flooding
since the sea level around the country is expected to increase by 1 to 16
centimeters by 2030.
The Chinese Government will have to achieve zero or even negative growth of
carbon dioxide emissions by the middle of this century, according to the report.
It outlined China's overall plan for dealing with climate change.
"China will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by moving away from a
labour-intensive economy towards a technology-driven economy, making better use
of energy resources, protecting the environment and developing advanced nuclear
energy and other renewable energies," it said.
In 2002, China's carbon dioxide emissions totalled 4.08 billion tons, the
second highest in the world after the United States. The report was jointly
released by six central departments and academic organizations.
(China Daily 01/04/2007 page3)