A total of 123 Chinese have been killed in the production of illegal dynamite
this year, said the Ministry of Public Security, warning the use of potassium
chlorateis extremely dangerous.
Nine accidents have happened this year caused by dynamite production with
potassium chlorate, leaving another 75 injured, said the ministry on Wednesday.
Chinese laws prohibited dynamite production with the use of potassium
chlorate, but some people illegally mixed potassium chlorate with ammonium salt
and combustible matter, leading to accidents, said a ministry official.
Public security authorities have been instructed to crack down on such
production by improving their ability to locate production sites, said the
official, adding they would conduct mass inspections in key areas and prosecute
Potassium chlorate is a strong oxidant that can produce ammonium chlorate if
mixed with ammonium salt. Ammonium chlorate can decompose and even explode
between 30 and 60 degrees Celsius, and is highly unstable if mixed with
combustible matter such as charcoal and sulfur.
From January to July 10, China seized 685.5 tons of illegally-produced,
stored or traded dynamite and 531 military weapons, the ministry said.
During the nationwide crackdown, police seized 1.8 million detonators and
780,000 meters of fuse wire, closed 30 illegal explosive production and trading
bases, and seized nearly 17,000 firearms and 950,000 bullets.
Meanwhile, public security authorities also arrested 7,347 suspects involved
in 1,524 cases involving the illegal production, trade, transportation, storage
and use of explosives and firearms.
A total of 328 suspects were detained in connection with 94 explosions and
thefts of explosives.
The situation of explosives and gun control was still grave despite initial
successes, and serious explosive accidents and cases still occurred along with
the illegal carrying of guns and gun crime, said Vice Minister Liu Jinguo.
The ministry vowed to continue tightening controls on dynamite and guns,
including the illegal storage of explosives in coal mines and miners'
properties, illegal dynamite production and the underground production and trade
of guns and knives.
Small coal mines, mineral mines and quarries must strictly supervise the use
and storage of explosives. Illegal transfers or unexplained disappearances of
explosives must be investigated thoroughly, and public security officials should
use every necessary means to search, he said.
Patrols around campuses, and security checks in entertainment places and
public transportation must be strengthened. Prohibited knives and swords must be
confiscated if found on sale on markets and tourist spots, according to the
Members of the public offering information on these activities would be