Reports that Green GDP accounting could be ditched because of local resistance
are grossly exaggerated, a top official of the environmental watchdog said
yesterday in fact, the project will be expanded to the entire Chinese mainland.
Despite reports that some provinces were dropping out of the green accounting
project to protect their own interests, the official told China Daily that the
2005 report will "actually expand to cover 31 provinces and municipalities,"
showing "a great leap forward for the concept of Green GDP".
Officially called the
Environmentally-Adjusted GDP Accounting Report, the Green GDP report is intended
to drive home to the public and officials the waste created, and environmental
damage done, in the process of economic growth.
Pan Yue, vice minister of the State Environmental Protection
Simply put, Green GDP is calculated by deducting the cost of natural
resources' depletion and environmental degradation from traditional GDP.
The report for 2005 will be released next month, said Pan Yue , vice-minister
of the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA).
The first report, for 2004, was published in September last year. Officials
told China Daily that the Green GDP report is a complex accounting project which
takes around two years longer than the compilation of conventional GDP figures
for a fiscal year.
The 2004 report showed that the financial loss caused by environmental
pollution totaled as much as 511.8 billion yuan ($64 billion), or 3.05 percent
of the nation's economy, based on the traditional GDP accounting method.
The new report will include two more indices to make the evaluation of
environmental losses more accurate, Pan said. One will compute the cost caused
by transportation pollution; and the other, the cost of pollution clean-up.
The effort was launched in March 2004 by SEPA and the National Bureau of
Statistics. In the last two years, an accounting analysis has been made of
physical quantification of environmental pollution, imputed treatment cost and
the environmental degradation cost for 42 industries.
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