Switzerland will introduce a
tax on carbon dioxide emissions from January 1, 2008 to meet its Kyoto Protocol
objectives, the government said on Thursday.
The tax will be applied to all imported fossil fuels, amounting to around 0.3
Swiss francs (about 0.25 U.S. dollars) on each liter of heating oil and 0.25
Swiss francs (about 0.2 U.S. dollars) on a cubic meter of gas, the official
Swissinfo websited reported.
According to a deal agreed by the cabinet and parliament earlier this year,
the CO2 tax becomes mandatory in 2008 since Switzerland failed to reach its own
emissions reduction target for 2006.
It had pledged to cut last year's emissions by at least 6 percent compared
with 1990 levels, but only managed 4.5 percent.
The Federal Environment Office said emissions did go down between 2005 and
2006 but the mild winter in Switzerland should have led to a greater reduction.
The 6 percent cut was seen as necessary for Switzerland to meet its
commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, which calls for an 8 percent reduction by
2012 in order to combat climate change.
The tax will be increased in stages in 2009 and 2010 if emission levels do
not come down to satisfactory levels, Swissinfo said.
The government said the new levy was an incentive more than a tax, since it
would encourage industry and the public to use fossil fuels more efficiently and
trigger investment in renewable energies.