TOKYO, Jan 14 - Rules on the use of arms by Japanese troops taking part in
peacekeeping operations overseas may be eased to allow them to use weapons even
when their lives are not at risk, the Yomiuri Shimbun daily said on Sunday.
Such a decision would mark a change in Japan's interpretation of its
constitution, particularly of Article Nine, in which it abandoned the right to
wage war or maintain an army. But the article has been interpreted to allow
forces for self-defence.
Six decades after its World War Two surrender, Tokyo hopes finally to emerge
from the shadow of defeat and play a bigger role in global security affairs.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has vowed to revise the constitution. In 2005 the
ruling party released a draft charter that would formally recognise Japan's
right to maintain armed forces.
According to the Yomiuri, the rule changes would allow Self-Defence Force
personnel to do such things as protect United Nations facilities and prevent
captured people fleeing.
The changes would make it easier for Japanese forces to take part in
peacekeeping operations, such as ceasefire monitoring, where they might have to
use force to carry out their duties even if their lives were not in danger, the
Arms use would still be limited to situations where the targets were not
regular, state-backed forces. This would most likely be limited to criminal
gangs, although guerrilla organisations might also be included.
Defence Ministry officials were not available for comment.
Last Tuesday, in a move signalling a bolder security stance, Japan raised its
Defence Agency to full-fledged ministry status. A law passed last month also
makes overseas missions a key role for Japan's military.