A U.S.-backed plan to form a political coalition of Iraq's Shiites, Sunni
Arabs and Kurds ！ a glimmer of hope in a nation torn by sectarian violence ！
failed to win the crucial support of the top Shiite cleric
Lawmakers who presented the plan
to Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani in the holy city of Najaf said they were told
the unity of Shiites, who have the largest bloc in parliament, had to come
Ali al-Adib, center, a Iraqi Dawa
party member, leaves after finishing talks with Iraq's most revered Shiite
cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani in Najaf, 160 kilometers (100 miles)
south of Baghdad, Iraq, Saturday, Dec. 23, 2006. Al-Adib is a member of
the Shiite delegation from the Iraqi parliament's largest bloc that met
with al-Sistani and with the radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in
Najaf over the past few days in order to try and rebuild the Shiite
coalition in parliament. [AP]
By shunning the coalition plan, al-Sistani sought to unite the Shiite's
fractured 130-member United Iraqi Alliance. But his decision ！ which carries
great weight with the country's Shiite majority ！ significantly weakens American
hopes for a national unity government and strengthens the hand of the radical
Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.
Al-Sistani's decision may not doom the proposed coalition, but it
significantly reduces its chances.
"There are obstacles in the face of forming this coalition, because
al-Sistani does not support it," said Hassan al-Suneid, a top aide to Prime
Minister Nouri al-Maliki.
An official close to al-Sistani, who spoke on condition of anonymity because
he was not authorized to talk to the media, said the cleric "will not bless nor
support any new bloc or front. He only supports the unity of the Shiites."
The proposed coalition ！ which would not have included al-Sadr's supporters ！
could have isolated the militant cleric, commander of a militia army blamed for
many sectarian attacks.
Two U.S. soldiers were killed Saturday in separate roadside blasts near
Baghdad, the U.S. military said. One bomb exploded southeast of the capital near
a patrol searching for "suspected terrorists," it said. That blast also wounded
four other U.S. soldiers. The other bomb exploded southwest of Baghdad, near a
patrol delivering supplies to units in the area.
Police in Baghdad said they discovered 47 bodies ！ apparent victims of
violence between Sunni and Shiites.