WASHINGTON - Democratic control of Congress, public dislike for the Iraq war
and the departure of Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld could open the door
for a policy shift in the conflict, but early maneuvering for the 2008
presidential election could slam the door shut.
What happens will depend largely on how
the White House, leaders of both parties and the candidates to replace President
Bush in two years interpret the results of this week's voting and seek political
footing for the 2008 race, analysts said.
President Bush speaks in the Oval
Office of the White House in Washington, Thursday, Nov. 9, 2006, during a
meeting with Democratic House Leader Rep. Nancy Pelosi of Calif., and
House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer, not shown. [AP]
Although both parties want to salvage political and military success in Iraq
for its own sake, the war's prominence as a political issue complicates
That may be especially true for Democrats if they conclude that anything shy
of a demand for fast withdrawal of US troops looks wishy-washy, or that the
modest course changes possible by cooperating with Republicans would be jumping
onto a sinking ship.
Cooperation is possible if both parties see it in their interest to lower the
political temperature on Iraq, making it less of a rallying cry for the next
campaign, said James Carafano, senior fellow at the conservative Heritage
Foundation. He argued that both parties and the country would benefit.
"There is a remarkable opportunity to change the politics, for Democrats and
the president to take the Iraq issue off the table as an issue to play political
pingpong with," said Carafano, who studies politics and military issues.
More than half of voters said they disapproved of the war in Iraq, wanted
troops to start coming home and didn't think the war has improved security in
the United States, according to exit polls conducted Tuesday for The Associated
Press and the television networks. Those most unhappy with the war helped put
Democrats in control of Congress.
Democrats say the first step to repairing the situation in Iraq is putting
substantial pressure on its government to take more responsibility. The best way
to do this, they say, is by pulling out some troops right away to signal the
U.S. commitment is finite.
Democrats also have called on Bush to convene an international conference on
Iraq and say the military mission should begin to switch from a leading role to
a supportive one.
Other proposals the administration may be asked to consider include a
regional dialogue with US adversaries Iran and Syria, or remaking the Iraq
political federation into three largely autonomous sectarian states.