WASHINGTON - Republicans succeeded this week in pushing through a key piece
of President Bush's anti-terror agenda, passing along party lines legislation
that would endorse the military program to detain and interrogate terrorists.
The administration's allies fell short, however, in their efforts to
authorize the terrorism surveillance program championed by Bush. That bill would
have to be finished after lawmakers return for a lame-duck session following the
President Bush, right, accompanied by Senate Majority Leader
Bill Frist of Tenn. speaks to reporters on Capitol Hill in Washington,
Thursday, Sept. 28, 2006 after meeting with the Senate Republican
Conference. The president urged the Senate on follow the House's lead and
approve a White House plan for detaining and interrogating terrorism
suspects, saying, 'The American people need to know we're working together
to win the war on terror.' [AP]
Both chambers this week approved legislation that sets up "military
commissions" to prosecute terrorists. It also would prohibit the severe abuse of
detainees, like mutilation and rape, but grant the president leeway to decide
which other interrogation techniques are permissible.
The Senate's 65-34 vote on Thursday followed a House vote of 253-168 on a
nearly identical measure a day earlier. To avoid having to reconcile differences
between the two bills, which were described as minor, the House planned to vote
Friday on the Senate bill and send that version to the president to sign.
"The Senate sent a strong signal to the terrorists that we will continue
using every element of national power to pursue our enemies and to prevent
attacks on America," Bush said in a statement Thursday night.
The White House failed to help bridge differences between the Senate and the
House on the eavesdropping program. The House, on a 232-191 vote Thursday,
approved a bill to grant legal status to the warrantless wiretapping program
with new restrictions. The Senate bill was different enough that efforts to
reach a compromise on the two measures was unlikely before the elections.
Most Democrats opposed the detainee bill, contending that Republicans were
pushing through a sloppy measure to sell voters, but not because it made sense.
GOP policies on national security "may have been tough, but they certainly
weren't smart," said Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid.
"I'm convinced that future generations will view passage of this bill as a
grave error," added Reid, D-Nev.
Added Sen. Dianne Feinstein (news, bio, voting record), D-Calif., "We are
being asked to consider legislation that will determine how our troops and
personnel, foreign troops and personnel, as well as innocent bystanders will be
treated when captured during conflict."
But Republicans said passage of the bill would withstand court scrutiny and
the test of time.
"In this new era of threats, where the stark and sober reality is that
America must confront international terrorists committed to the destruction of
our way of life, this bill is absolutely necessary," said Sen. Saxby Chambliss
(news, bio, voting record), R-Ga.
The overall bill would prohibit war crimes and define such atrocities as rape
and torture but otherwise would allow the president to interpret the Geneva
Conventions, the treaty that sets standards for the treatment of war prisoners.
Under the bill, a terrorist held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, could be tried by a
military commission so long as he was afforded certain rights, such as the
ability to confront evidence given to the jury and having access to defense
Those subject to commission trials would be any person "who has engaged in
hostilities or who has purposefully and materially supported hostilities against
the United States or its co-belligerents." Proponents say this definition would
not apply to U.S. citizens.
The bill would eliminate some rights common in military and civilian courts.
For example, the commission would be allowed to consider hearsay evidence so
long as a judge determined it was reliable. Hearsay is barred from civilian
The legislation also says the president can "interpret the meaning and
application" of international standards for prisoner treatment, a provision
intended to allow him to authorize aggressive interrogation methods that might
otherwise be seen as illegal by international courts.
The House detainee resolution is H.R. 6166. The Senate bill is S. 3930.
The House surveillance bill is H.R. 5825; the Senate bill is S. 3931.