A military jury on Thursday convicted an Army dog handler of using his animal
to torment a prisoner at Abu Ghraib.
Army Sgt. Santos A.
Cardona leaves the magistrate court in Ft. Meade, Md., Monday, May 22,
2006, after a court martial hearing accusing Cardona of abusing Iraqi
prisoners with his Belgian shepherd dog, Duco. Cardona, 32, of Fullerton,
Calif., was convicted of dereliction of duty and aggravated assault for
allowing his dog to bark within inches of a prisoner's face.
Sgt. Santos A. Cardona is the 11th soldier convicted of crimes stemming from
the abuse of inmates at the prison in late 2003 and early 2004.
Cardona, 32, of Fullerton, Calif., was convicted of dereliction of duty and
aggravated assault for allowing his dog to bark within inches of a prisoner's
But the panel of four officers and three enlisted soldiers acquitted Cardona
of some of the most serious charges he faced, including unlawfully having his
dog bite an inmate and conspiring with another dog handler to frighten prisoners
into soiling themselves.
Cardona, a 12 1/2-year veteran, stood at attention in his green dress uniform
as the verdict was read. He faces a maximum penalty of 3 1/2 years.
The jury began deliberating Cardona's sentence Thursday evening. Prosecutors
asked that he receive a year in prison and a bad conduct discharge; the defense
called for no prison time and a return to duty.
Prosecutors portrayed Cardona as part of a small group of corrupt soldiers
who enjoyed tormenting prisoners.
"This is all for their amusement," Maj. Christopher Graveline said in closing
But Cardona's civilian defense lawyer, Harvey J. Volzer, said Cardona did
what his training and senior officers demanded: Protect fellow soldiers and
Although none of the offenses was alleged to have occurred during
interrogations, Cardona's defense team focused on interrogation policies,
including three memos issued in a month's time by Lt. Gen. Ricardo S. Sanchez,
then commander of U.S. forces in Iraq.
The memos authorized harsher interrogation techniques such as stress
positions, sleep deprivation and dogs at Abu Ghraib, but only with written
The changing policies confounded Col. Thomas M. Pappas, an intelligence
officer who assumed the prison's management in late 2003. Pappas was reprimanded
last year for approving a request to use dogs in an interrogation without
Sanchez' approval - something Pappas testified he believed at the time the
"We were all confused at one time or another," Pappas testified.
Cardona and four other dog-handling teams arrived in November 2003.
By late November, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary Paul
Wolfowitz were said to have taken an intense interest in gathering intelligence
from Abu Ghraib, even calling nightly to check on information, according to
"They're people that hold your careers in their hands," Volzer said in
Ten low-ranking soldiers, including fellow dog-handler Sgt. Michael Smith,
have been convicted in the Abu Ghraib scandal, in which detainees were abused
and photographed in painful or sexually humiliating positions. Smith was
sentenced to 179 days in prison.