Interim Prime Minister Ehud Olmert received the formal nod on Thursday to
form a government which he pledged would set Israel's permanent borders within
four years with or without Palestinian agreement.
Israeli interim Prime
Minister Ehud Olmert attends a meeting with Israeli President Moshe Katsav
in Jerusalem April 6, 2006. [Reuters]
Hours later Jewish settlers opposed to Olmert's plans to withdraw from some
West Bank land defiantly moved to expand an enclave in the town of Hebron,
threatening to ignite new tensions in the hotbed of Israeli-Palestinian
Using crowbars and a hammer, a group of settlers broke into a house in a
Palestinian neighborhood of Hebron they said they had bought. Palestinians
denied the building had been sold.
In Gaza City early on Friday, Israeli warplanes bombed two offices of
Palestinian militants blamed for a series of rocket attacks in which one Israeli
was injured, the army said.
A third air strike struck a helicopter landing pad near the office of
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, but caused no injuries, Palestinian
witnesses and security sources said.
Israeli President Moshe Katsav said at a ceremony with Olmert: "I have
decided to ask member of parliament Ehud Olmert to form the government."
Olmert, whose centrist Kadima party came first in last week's election with
29 seats in the 120-member parliament, replied that he hoped to form a
government "which will have the broadest possible support, as quickly as
He will have up to 42 days to put together a coalition.
The centre-left Labour Party led by former trade union chief Amir Peretz has
already agreed to a political partnership with Kadima. Kadima will now try to
woo a smattering of smaller parties and set government guidelines.
Formal coalition talks will be launched on Sunday. Negotiations could take
weeks as politicians from several parties vie for the top cabinet seats.
David Wilder, a settler spokesman, said some Israeli families would move into
the Hebron building overnight that the settlers had purchased. A Palestinian
security source denied the building had been legally sold.
Some settlers threw stones at Palestinians at the site, witnesses said. There
were no reported injuries.
Hebron is a city holy to Jews and Muslims as the site of the biblical
Abraham's tomb, and is home to 130,000 Palestinians and some 400 Jewish
The Israeli army said two air strikes in Gaza targeted offices of the Al-Aqsa
Martyrs Brigades, an armed wing of Abbas's Fatah movement and confirmed that a
third strike targeted a helicopter pad.
The Israeli air attacks in Gaza came hours after Israeli artillery had fired
at rocket launch sites in northern Gaza when a rocket struck a factory in
southern Israel and another hit the town of Sderot.
Olmert has proposed removing Jewish settlers from swathes of the West Bank in
the absence of peace talks with the Palestinians who installed a government this
month led by the Islamic militant group Hamas.
Israel has sought to isolate Hamas whose charter calls for its destruction.
Under Olmert's "convergence plan," Israel would keep major settlement blocs
and trace its final frontier by 2010 along a barrier it is building in the West
Bank, where 240,000 Israelis live among 2.4 million Palestinians.
Palestinians condemn the plan which they say would annex land and deny the
viable state they seek in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, which Israel captured in
the 1967 Middle East war.
In a sign of Israel's tough stance toward Hamas, Israeli security forces
detained Palestinian cabinet minister Khaled Abu Araf at a roadblock in the
occupied West Bank. He was released five hours later.
"He was held because he is not allowed to enter these areas, an army
"The arrest of a cabinet minister proves the falseness of Israel's arguments
that it seeks peace," Palestinian cabinet spokesman Ghazi Hamad said in Gaza.
Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak called Olmert to congratulate him for being
named to head a new government and the two leaders decided to meet "immediately
after a government is formed" in Israel.
Egypt, the first Arab country to make peace with Israel, in a 1979 peace
treaty, has long helped mediate the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and was
instrumental in achieving a ceasefire deal with Palestinian militant groups last