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Kazak ethnic group

Updated: 2014-03-28
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During times of nomadic society and migration, the nomadic culture assimilated other ethnic cultures to create the distinctive Kazak culture. Kazaks also created and enriched their culture through their lifestyle and work ethic. Kazak literature takes the form of written and oral literature; the latter assumes an important position. Herdsmen inherited and developed oral folk masterpieces from different tribes. There are myths, legends, folktales, epics, lyrics, ballads and proverbs. Kazaks have over 200 prominent epics, such as Er Targen.

Kazak ethnic group

Kazak arts and crafts are rich and colorful. Women can make yurts, various felt and wool products, and clothes. Many men can make woodware, ironware and boneware. They enjoy a high artistic skill in making decorations in gold, silver and jade. Kazaks love music and are good at singing and dancing. Their typical folk musical instrument is the dombra.

Kazak ethnic group

Herdsmen live in portable yurts that are easy to build and dismantle. Their food includes mostly meat and dairy, such as butter and cheese. Their clothes are mainly made of animal fur, especially winter sheepskin. Women wear long dresses in summer and front-opening cotton padded overcoats in winter. Herdsmen wear trefoil hats in winter and triangle headclothes in summer. Women wear white cloth veils and wrap white cloth kerchiefs with a piece of jewelry on the left top. They also wear earrings, rings and bracelets.

Kazak ethnic group

Kazak funeral customs include bathing the corpse in fresh water, wrapping it with white cloth and burying it underground.

Major Kazak festivals include Corban Festival and Eid al-Fitr.

Kazaks respect the elderly. While eating or drinking, the elders sit and begin first, and others kneel around the table on the felt. Kazak people are very hospitable and sincere. Hosts always treat lodgers with their best food. When very respected guests or relatives arrive that have been away many years, they usually serve them horse meat instead of mutton.