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Huiyuan ancient city

Updated: 2014-03-20
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Huiyuan ancient city, known as a historical and cultural city in China, is located in Huiyuan town of Huocheng county, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region. It was the political, military, economic and cultural center of Xinjiang for a long period.

Huiyuan ancient city
 

The prosperous Huiyuan ancient city

Huiyuan city has four gates in total. To date, the north gate and east gate have been restored.

Inside and outside the city are a great number of temples. Mosques and lamaseries have become major places for ethnic groups to hold religious activities here. The bustling city is also filled with numerous shops that sell various kinds of merchandise.

The restored Huiyuan city

After the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Huiyuan became a key city in Xinjiang and an attractive place for modern industrial civilization. The introductions of the telegraph, telephone, electric lamp, camera and car have played an important role in the development of Xinjiang’s civilization.

In 1966, Huiyuan ancient city became a part of Huocheng county. It was renamed Huiyuan village in 1984. However, the town replaced the village in 2001, and Huiyuan village has been called Huiyuan town ever since.

Introduction of scenic spots in Huiyuan ancient city

Huiyuan ancient city’s attractions include the drum and bell towers, Ili’s general mansion, a Confucius temple, an ancient government office and the tsarist Russian consulate.

The drum and bell towers are located in the central part of Huiyuan town to the southeast of Huocheng county, 2 km from State Road 218 in the south and 7.5 km from the Ili River in the north. The tower was built in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) to tell the time, transmit information and inspect troops. The building applied to be a national key cultural relic protection unit in 2012.

The Ili historical border museum , located in Huiyuan town, Huocheng county, includes a group of magnificent antique buildings from the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It is the first museum for border defense in Xinjiang.

The museum displays the history of the Ili people to maintain Xinjiang's stability and border security.

The former residence of Lin Zexu, a politician, scholar and poet during the Qing Dynasty, was built to commemorate Lin’s efforts to fight opium, develop Xinjiang’s water conservation and safeguard national unity.

The Confucius temple was built in the late Qing Dynasty. It consists of just a courtyard due to the poor national power and financial capability at that time.