Xuyi has a splendid history and culture. It is the site of some of the earliest traces of human activity in that area. In 1954, the Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered human fossil of late Pleistocene Epoch, Paleolithic Age on the eastern bank of the Yin River at Xiacaowan, Baoji town. This discovery traced human history in Jiangsu back to 40,000-50,000 years ago.
Xuyi holds many ancient cultural sites in Jiangsu. More than 60 ancient cultural sites have been found in the county. Fanjiagang, about 5km south of Weiqiao town, is a site of the Neolithic Age. In view of the unearthed pottery tripods, we may know it is similar to Dawenkou culture. Daduntou is about 1km northwest of Guiwu Town. The cultural layer is 3m thick. On the surface, there are tripods, earthen pots, pottery chips, rope pattern pottery chips and red earth. In addition, narrow and long stone axes, and the sites of the Neolithic Age and the Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th Century-256 BC ).
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Xuyi unearthed some important cultural relics. Gold and bronze wares include: bronze tripods from the Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th Century-771 BC) , bronze Yi made by State Wu from the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), round kettles from the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), Zhao Tong Quan during the reign of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC), Fushan burners from the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), divine beast mirrors and bronze lamps from the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220).
The wooden lacquer wares include a wooden carved star chart from the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24) and lacquer ware from the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220); pottery, porcelain and jade wares include: yellow glaze double-ear animal head vases from the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24), tomb bricks from the Western Jin Dynasty (AD 265-420), green porcelain crabapple cups made in a Yue kiln from the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), high-foot cups from the Song Dynasty (960-1279), figure and landscape water jars made in Cizhou kiln from the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Nanjing Museum confirms that the wooden star chart of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24) unearthed in August 1974 tallies with the comet recorded from the fifth year of Emperor Yuan from the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 24), thus it may be determined the chart was a comet chart.
The Jerusalem comet chart drawn in 66AD is recognized as the earliest comet chart in the world. In comparison, the chart unearthed from the site of ancient Dongyang city was 110 years earlier than the Jerusalem comet chart. This chart was named “Xuyi star chart” and is a national cultural relic.
In addition, a bronze pot inlaid with gold and silver was unearthed on February 10, 1982 in Nanyao, Mudian town. Its sequence number is 25, as indicated on inscription, which has only one word’s different from the Chen Zhang Fang pot stored in the museum of American University of Pennsylvania.