BEIJING - China's government won't interfere in price talks between its steel
makers and foreign iron ore suppliers, a Cabinet minister said Friday, though
the government insisted it can't afford another jump in already high prices.
The comments by Ma Kai, the minister in charge of China's main planning
agency, came after suppliers expressed alarm at suggestions the world's top
steel producer might try to dictate prices following a 71.5 percent rise in iron
ore costs over the past year.
"The government will not interfere in setting the price, and the price will
be decided by the market," Ma told a visiting group of U.S. newspaper editors.
Ma said, however, that China plans to restrain the growth of its steel
industry this year in order to conserve energy and water and cut demand for
costly imported raw materials.
China's iron ore imports from Australia, Brazil and other producers rose 37
percent last year amid high demand by its booming automaking, construction and
Chinese steel makers are in talks with suppliers BHP Billiton Ltd. and Rio
Tinto Group of Australia and Brazil's Companhia Vale do Rio Doce over the price
of long-term contracts. The suppliers reportedly want price increases of 15 to
20 percent, to take effect April 1.
Ma's agency, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Commerce
Ministry issued a statement this week expressing dismay at rising iron ore
prices and calling them unacceptable.
"The government will pay close attention to iron ore price talks and take
necessary measures if prices are unacceptable and unreasonable," the statement
Last year's jump in iron ore prices prompted complaints over China's apparent
lack of bargaining power, even though it imported 275 million tons last year, or
about 43 percent of world production.
"This is the first step by China to limit commodity prices. We believe China
will likely develop a comprehensive strategy to deal with commodity prices,"
Andy Xie, an economist at Morgan Stanley in Hong Kong wrote in a report released