India, China set for talks over border dispute
Updated: 2006-03-10 15:29
Asian giants India and China prepared Friday for a new round of weekend talks
to resolve a decades-old border dispute _ as officials warned that political
compromises from both sides would be needed to break the current stalemate.
The talks will take place on Saturday in New Delhi and on Sunday in the
southern city of Kottayam in the coastal state of Kerala, Indian and Chinese
India's National Security Adviser M.K.Narayanan and China's Vice Foreign
Minister Dai Bingguo will lead the talks, an Indian foreign ministry statement
said late Thursday.
India and China fought a border war in 1962 and have long had adversarial
ties, but relations have warmed in recent years and the two countries have
expanded economic ties, including plans for joint collaboration in oil
exploration and information technology.
Indian and Chinese negotiators have so far held six rounds of talks in both
countries over the boundary question. The dispute relates to 125,000 square
kilometers (50,000 square miles) of disputed territory along their mountainous
India says China still holds 41,440 square kilometers (16,000 square miles)
of its territory in the Kashmir region, while Beijing lays claim to a wide swath
of territory in India's northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, which shares a
1046-kilometer- (650-mile-) border with China's Tibet region.
"The process is at a stage where the political compromises are required. That
is not forthcoming," said an Indian official with knowledge of the progress of
the talks. "In terms of a final resolution, while both sides have a mandate,
it's not happening," the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity
because he is not authorized to speak to media.
"The discussions have moved away from the technical aspects ... to a broader
sweep," the official said. "At the moment there doesn't seem to be a push from
either side _ and a greater push is needed from the Chinese side."
The official said momentum could come from an expected visit to India by
Chinese President Hu Jintao, and a reciprocal visit to China by the Indian prime
minister. While dates have not been decided, at least one of the visits is
expected in the summer, he said.
An official at the Chinese Embassy offered no comment apart from confirming
that the talks were starting Saturday.