Caofeidian: A shining star in North China
By Jessie Tao (chinadaily.com.cn)
Updated: 2006-03-01 16:05
The two-day web promotion campaign of Caofeidian Industrial Construction
Project was recently launched on February 27, in Tangshan, a scenic city of
North China's Hebei Province.
A meeting is held
to give instructions on the web promotion campaign of Caofeidian
Industrial Construction Project in Tangshan on February 27, 2006.
15 web portals from across the country, under the supervision of the
Information Office of State Council, were presented a beautiful, open and
advancing city of Tangshan with hospitable and optimistic people during the
first day of the event.
Monument in the morning sunshine in the city center of Tangshan, north
China's Hebei Province. (chinadaily.com.cn)
And in the second day, a trip was made to the brand-new Caofeidian Island,
where locates the Caofeidian Industrial Zone.
It takes only a two-hour drive from the city center of Tangshan to the
Caofeidian Island, a small but renowned sand island in the Bohai Bay, to the
south of Tangshan City.
The light house on
Caofeidian Island, the only equipment found on the island when people set
out to develop this area. (chinadaily.com.cn)
Caofeidian, named after a palace for a concubine of Emperor Tang Taizong of
the Tang Dynasty (618-907), was once a wild and untouched sand island. But due
to its perfect advantages for port basin construction, the Tangshan government
began to plan for the construction of the Caofeidian Basin in as early as 1992.
At the end of 2004, the project was ratified by the State Council.
After more than a decade of construction, great changes have taken place in
this island, with construction sites everywhere, machines roaring, and roads and
bridges extending in all directions. An era of development has come to the
Superb natural conditions
Located along the western shore of the Bohai Bay, Caofeidian boasts superb
conditions for the construction and development of large-scale deep-water ports
and port industries.
An interpreter is
showing the construction model of Caofeidian Indtustrial Construction
Project to the reporters. (chinadaily.com.cn)
According to geological survey, 500 meters offshore, the water depth could
reach 25 meters, while the trough in front of the island, the lowest point of
the Bohai Sea, could be as deep as 36 meters, allowing for the construction of a
300,000-ton terminal without the need to dredge a channel.
Free of silting and freezing, and enjoying 150 square kilometers of tidal
flats in the rear, Caofeidian has become the last great place for building a
large deep-water terminal within the Bohai Gulf.
Besides, it also enjoys an equally fine geographical position: 70 kilometers
from Tianjin Port in the west, 60 kilometers from Jingtang Port and 170
kilometers from Qinhuangdao Port in the east, 220 kilometers from Beijing in the
north, and 80 kilometers from Tangshan City with its rich transport networks.
Supported by the domestic and foreign resources market and relying on its
advantages in industry, technology, and resources, the development of Caofeidian
will be centered on four main areas -- large terminals, steel plants,
petrochemical projects, and power works, with a total investment of 15-20
billion yuan (US$18,149,039).
mineral port in operation. (chinadaily.com.cn)
Under the above planning, the overall development and construction of
Caofeidian will be carried out in two phases, with the main projects including:
four 250,000-ton mineral terminals, two 300,000-ton crude oil terminals, sixteen
50,000-10,000-ton coal terminals, and one 100,000-ton LNG (liquefied natural
Relying on those terminals, the area will launch large iron and steel plants,
chemical projects, and electricity works.
To achieve the most efficient use of industrial resources and zero emission
of contaminants, projects have been launched to make comprehensive use of
resources and industrial wastes, including the construction of a 300,000-ton
coal tar processing equipment that will use the coal tar left in iron and steel
Prospects of Caofeidian
According to an investigation conducted by the Ministry of Communications in
June 2002, Chinese coastal ports, although in a large number, have a generally
low water depth, and need particularly large and specialized terminals, such as
container terminals, crude oil and mineral terminals.
Caofeidian, however, can well meet these urgent demands. For example,
transport of minerals from Australia costs 260 yean/ton (US$ 31.5) for a
50,000-ton vessel. A change to 200,000-ton ships would reduce costs by 40-50
Capital Steel & Iron Plant (CSIP) was among the first to make such a
calculation and discover Caofeidian. In 1992, it sent employees to carry out a
preliminary survey. A mineral terminal appeared there shortly after the survey
On February 18, 2005, the Chinese Central Government decided to move CISC to
Caofeidian. CSIP and Tangshan Steel and Plant will jointly construct a
15-million-ton high-end steel production base, with a first-phase investment of
63.5 billion yuan.
On December 16, 2005, the 250,000-ton mineral port at Caofeidian, a symbolic
project in the Caofeidian Industrial Zone and with an annual unloading capacity
of 30 million tons, opened for operation.
By February 15 this year, a total of 1.02 million tons of iron ore have been
unloaded at the port, exhibiting the huge potential of the northern deep-water
To accelerate the overall development of Caofeidian, construction of
infrastructure facilities had begun in as early as 2003. The 18.74-km-long
Tongdao Highway was finished and put into use in September 2004.
Qinlin Road, electricity supply, and communication projects were also in
operation by the end of 2005.
Other projects, such as the water supply project, the port railway project,
and the project to enclose sea for land for the iron and steel plant, will also
be completed by the end of this year.