China's oil consumption, imports decreased
By Fu Jing (China Daily)
Updated: 2006-02-03 07:04
China's oil consumption and dependence on imports decreased last year as a
result of the government's energy-saving efforts.
The National Development and Reform
Commission said recently that China's dependence on oil imports was 42.9 per
cent in 2005, 2.2 percentage points lower than in 2004. It also said China
consumed 318 million tons of oil last year, 1.08 million tons less than in 2004.
Saudi King Abdullah
(L) is greeted by Chinese President Hu Jintao during a ceremony at the
Great Hall of the People in Beijing. China and Saudi Arabia signed an
energy cooperation agreement during a landmark visit by Saudi King
Abdullah that both sides said would usher in an era of closer economic
"The government's effort at building a resource- and energy-saving society
has paid off," a commission spokesman said.
Lin Yueqin, a researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,
attributed the decreased oil consumption and imports to soaring prices. "High
oil prices forced users to consider saving measures, causing less imported oil."
Prices soared to a high of more than US$70 a barrel last year.
The State Council Development Research Centre, the highest think tank of the
central government, forecast that domestic oil output would reach 184 million
tons this year, which means that 44 per cent of China's oil demand will come
Pan Derun, deputy president of China Oil and Chemical Industry Association,
said China would try to double its oil supply to meet its goal of quadrupling
its economy by 2020.
Zhang Guobao, vice-minister of the National Development and Reform
Commission, said China satisfies 94 per cent of its energy needs.
"Most people are not aware that China is also a big energy exporter," Zhang
Besides coal, China is also the top coke exporter in the world, supplying 56
per cent of the world's total demand in 2004.
Nearly 67 per cent of China's energy need is met by coal. The ratio of oil in
its energy consumption structure is about 24 per cent.
In addition, statistics indicated that the oil import volume of China, with a
population of 1.3 billion, was 117 million tons in 2004. By comparison, that of
the United States was 500 million tons, Japan 200 million tons and Europe 500
(China Daily 02/03/2006 page1)