Shanghai now the world's largest cargo port Deep-water port starts operation
Updated: 2006-01-09 13:35
A deep-water port began operation at Yangshan Isles of Shanghai in
mid-December. The Yangshan deep-water port, a mammoth facility 27.5 kilometers
from Luchao port in Shanghai's Nanhui district, is expected to turn the east
China metropolis into an international maritime shipping center.
The deep-water port is located in Shengsi county of Zhejiang province at the
mouth of the Yangtze River, about 45 kilometers from Pudong international
airport. The port is designed to have an annual handling capacity of 25 million
TEUs when the entire project is completed in 2020.
The first phase of construction, completed in December, put into operation a
1.6-kilometer hydraulic dock with five berths. By 2010, the dock will be
extended to 11 kilometers with around 30 berths, port authorities told Xinhua.
The launching of the port was praised by Vice Prime Minister Huang Ju as a
"major breakthrough" in Shanghai's building of an international maritime
Huang visited the port in December and proclaimed a formal start to its
operations. At the launching ceremony, he urged relevant departments, provinces
and cities to speed up port construction in line with the plans approved by the
State Council so as to ease the country's transportation bottleneck and boost
the steady and fast growth of the national economy.
"We should speed up construction of new ports in line with the long and
medium-term plans approved by the State Council, and further tap the potentials
of existing facilities, too," he said, adding, "it's important to take full
advantage of the Yangtze waterway and better serve the socioeconomic development
of the Yangtze River Delta, the Yangtze drainage areas and the entire country."
Though Shanghai's name literally means "on the sea", the main part of the
city sits inland on the banks of the Huangpu River, which runs into the Yangtze,
China's longest waterway. Heavy silting in the Yangtze Delta region has long
prevented it from serving as a deep-water port.
The idea to transform Shanghai port into an international shipping center was
initially proposed by the government in 1996, but since the port is only seven
meters deep, a new site had to be located. An eight-square-kilometer bonded area
at the port and the Yangshan Port Customs were also launched in mid-December.