Hu urges innovation in science, technology
Updated: 2006-01-09 11:34
President Hu Jintao outlined major strategic tasks for building an
innovation-oriented country at a national conference on science and technology
that opened in Beijing Monday morning.
Hu said China will embark on a new path of innovation with Chinese
characteristics, the core of which is to adhere to innovation, seek leapfrog
development in key areas, make breakthroughs in key technologies and common
technologies to meet urgent requirements in realizing sustained and coordinated
economic and social development and make arrangements for frontier technologies
and basic research with a long-term perspective.
Duzheng (left) and Wu Mengchao win the top state award in science and
technology in Beijing January 9, 2006. [Xinhua]
Raising innovation capability should be given prominence to and the nation's
competitiveness should be enhanced broadly, said Hu.
Innovation is the core of the nation's competitiveness and the strategic
motif of China's future science and technological development. The practice of
the world's science and technological development shows that only with strong
innovation ability, can a country win the initiative in the international
competition, said Hu.
The real core technologies cannot be purchased but can only be achieved by
innovation, which should be given priority in the whole science and
technological work, he said.
Raising the capability of innovation must center on serving the economic and
social development and try best to tackle major issues in the field which hamper
the economic and social development, said Hu.
Technologies of energy resources, water resources and environment protection
should be developed as priorities. Grasping the intellectual property rights of
key techniques in equipment manufacturing and information industries should be
regarded as breakthrough points in raising competitiveness, said the president.
Boosting manufacturing and information industries, raising agricultural
production capability, making breakthroughs in energy exploration, technologies
of energy-saving and clean energy resources and optimizing energy structure
should be goals to achieve in the science and technological development, he
The goals also include developing recycling economy, making breakthroughs in
pharmacy and key medical equipment, developing technologies for national
defense, and building up advanced scientist groups, research institutions and
enterprises, Hu said.
To encourage the innovation of the entire society and turn the scientific and
technological achievements into productive forces are important tasks of
building up an innovation-oriented country,Hu said.
"The government would play a leading role in the scientific and technological
innovation, while the basic role of market will be given a full play in the
scientific and technological resources allocation," he said.
"Companies would play a principal part in the innovation, while research
institutes and universities across the country would assume a key and leading
role in the innovation," he said.
Hu said there remains a relatively
big gap between the overall scientific and technological level of China and that
of the world advanced level.
"The overall scientific and technological level of China still cannot meet
the requirements of China's economic and social development in many fields," Hu
The ratio of self-owned key technology remains low, the capability of
innovation is not strong enough, especially the core competitive power of
The scientific and technological level of agriculture and the rural economy remains
relatively low; the ratio of new and hi-techindustries in the entire economy
is still not high; in some key areas of the industrial technology, reliance
on foreign technology remains relatively high, many high-tech and
high-value added products mainly rely on imports; the strength of scientific
research is not strong and outstanding and top-notch talents are much
under-supplied; input in science and technology is not enough and there exist
many drawbacks with relevant systems and mechanisms, said Hu.