China to build two new nuclear plants
By Wang Ying (China Daily)
Updated: 2005-12-27 06:42
Following the operational start-ups of 11 nuclear reactors in the south and
east, China next year will begin building two nuclear plants which contain two
reactors each, in Northeast China's Liaoning Province and East China's Shandong
The Liaoning plant, consisting of two 1,080-MW (megawatt) reactors, will cost
US$2.8 billion. It will be the first nuclear base in Northeast China, located at
Hongyanhe, the coastal city of Dalian, a senior official from China Guangdong
Nuclear Power Group (CGNPG) said.
"We expect to get the final go-ahead (to build the Dalian nuclear plant) from
the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) by the end of this year,"
said the official, who did not want to be identified.
CGNPG sources last week said that they plan to start the Dalian project as
soon as possible.
The Dalian nuclear plant is scheduled to generate electricity in 2011, the
company official said.
CGNPG plans to begin infrastructure construction and design at the Dalian
plant within this month, the official said.
According to the investment agreement for the new project in Dalian, CGNPG
and China Power Investment Corp (CPI) will each control a 45 per cent stake. The
remaining 10 per cent will be equally divided between local companies Liaoning
Energy Investment Group and Dalian Construction Investment Co, the CGNPG
For the plant in Shandong Province, CPI has reached an initial agreement with
the country's biggest nuclear plant constructor, China National Nuclear Corp
(CNNC), to jointly build a nuclear plant at Haiyang.
The Haiyang plant, which contains two 1,000-MW reactors, will process at the
same pace as the Dalian plant, CPI director Liu Changqing told China Daily
"We have submitted the feasibility study to the NDRC," Liu said.
The Chinese Government has included both projects at Dalian and Haiyang in
the country's 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-2011), a CNNC spokesman said last week.
Further details were not available for the Haiyang plant in Shandong.
The Dalian plant will cost less than the previous reactors, since CGNPG will
use China's own nuclear technology CPR 1000 in designing the new reactors. This
is based on technology adopted in the second phase of the Ling'ao nuclear
project in South China's Guangdong Province.
The new reactors at the Dalian plant are expected to cost US$1,300 per
kilowatt, compared with the US$1,500 per kilowatt for the Ling'ao phase II,
which launched construction earlier this month and contains two 1,000-MW
"We will be very competitive in the sale prices due to the lower costs," the
Coal-fired plants, which installed desulphurization facilities, sell their
electricity to grid companies at 0.347 yuan (4.28 US cents) per kilowatt-hour in
Dalian, according to the CGNPG official.
In order to cut pollution caused by the burning of coal, which fuels more
than 70 per cent of the country's electricity generators, the government ordered
all the installation of desulphurization equipment in China's coal-fired plants
to eliminate sulphur pollutants.
"We can make profit at the same price with these coal-fired plants," the
company official said.
Equipment manufacturing and procurement for the new Dalian plant will be open
for bid among domestic suppliers, with a small proportion expected to come from
foreign companies, the CGNPG official said.
"Domestic suppliers will produce 80 per cent of the equipment including the
generation turbines designed for the new plant," he said.
CPI sources earlier said that as many as 10 reactors would be built at the
two coastal places in Liaoning and Shandong, with six built at Dalian and four
Currently, only CNNC and CGNPG are authorized to build nuclear plants in
China. Other power companies, including CPI, will only be allowed a stake in the
nuclear plant if they intend to participate in the nuclear sector.
Foreseeing great potential in nuclear energy, CGNPG, based in Guangdong, is
also planning two more nuclear plants at two places called Taishan and Lufeng in
"Another in the neighbouring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is also under
study," the CGNPG official said.
(China Daily 12/27/2005 page9)