Shanghai No 1 in industrial competitiveness
By Fu Jing (China Daily)
Updated: 2005-11-07 05:30
Shanghai, Tianjin and Guangdong top an updated UN scoresheet on regional
industrial competitiveness in the country.
The Chinese capital Beijing ranked fourth with its manufacturing ability
accounting for around 60 per cent of China's economic hub, Shanghai.
The report on the survey, conducted by the United
Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), was made exclusively
available to China Daily.
Shanghai tops the
UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) scoresheet on
regional industrial competitiveness in China.
Shanghai was graded 0.903 in competitive industrial performance (CIP) on an
index value ranging from zero to one. Beijing scored 0.585 while Tibet was the
worst performer, at 0.056.
"To sum up, the eastern regions dominate the top half of the scoreboard,
while central and western regions dominate the bottom half," said Sergio M.
Miranda-da-Cruz, till recently the UNIDO Representative for China, Mongolia, the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea.
Miranda-da-Cruz assessed 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions
on the Chinese mainland by considering indicators such as per capita
manufacturing value added (MVA), manufacturing exports and share of medium and
high-technology industries in MVA.
"This report focuses on the development of western China, and on measures
that the central government and regional governments can take to reduce the
disparities, which are, in fact, increasing between the coastal areas and the
rest of China," said Sergio.
He said expectations that China would outperform the rest of the world in the
manufacturing sector within the next few years are realistic but the country
also faces challenges.
"For instance, if we can simplify the situation, the two most important
concerns in the short term are innovation and quality in the manufacturing
sector," said Sergio.
He said the concern on quality was not limited to products but also putting
in place effective quality management systems, particularly for products
oriented to the domestic market.
He also said China would face increasing pressure to manage eight variables
such as allocation of financial, physical and human resources, increasing income
inequality, development of human capital, land degradation and the process of
Sources at the National Development Reform Commission said that the
government used the suggestions as inputs for drafting parts of China's 11th
Five-Year Programme (2006-10) for social and economic development.
(China Daily 11/07/2005 page1)