Rice fails to win Russian support on Iran
Updated: 2005-10-16 09:26
Condoleezza Rice could not win new support from Russia for hauling Iran
before the U.N. Security Council, but the U.S. secretary of state said Saturday
that option remains open "at a time of our choosing."
Washington and its European allies are waiting to see if a defiant Iran will
return to diplomatic talks over its disputed nuclear program. If not, they say
they will invoke the threat of economic penalties or other punishment from the
After hastily arranged and unexpectedly lengthy meetings with Russian
President Vladimir Putin and his foreign minister, Rice said Moscow is trying to
push its ally Iran back to the bargaining table.
But there was no sign that Russia was
prepared to back an effort to have the International Atomic Energy Agency refer
Iran's case to the Security Council. Even so, Rice tried putting the best face
on Russia's preference to keep negotiating.
Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S.
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice smile during their meeting in Putin's
Novo-Ogaryovo country residence west of Moscow, Saturday, Oct. 15, 2005.
"It's quite obvious that if it doesn't work, then the Iranians are going to
have to be referred to the Security Council," she told reporters on her flight
from Moscow to London, where she was holding talks with the British on Iran and
"We're going to keep open the prospect, the path, of referral at a time of
our choosing," Rice said.
That prospect seemed more remote than it did last month, when Russia
abstained rather than vote no on a measure rebuking Iran and setting up future
Security Council review.
Russia's foreign minister, Sergey Lavrov, said Saturday the Iranian nuclear
question can be handled through the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency, which is
already monitoring nuclear activities in Iran.
"We think that the current situation permits us to develop this issue and do
everything possible within the means of this organization, without referring
this issue to other organizations now," Lavrov said after meetings both in a
large group of U.S. officials and directly with Rice.
Even if the U.S., Britain, France and Germany won a vote at the IAEA to send
Iran before the Security Council, it is not clear whether any tough measure
Russia and China, members of the Security Council with veto power, have said
they do not want to see the Iranian case come there.
Iran has said it has nothing to fear from the Security Council, presumably
out of confidence that Russia and China would veto a tough proposal for
French Foreign Minister Philippe Douste-Blazy said Friday that Iran really
does fear going before the Security Council and that the threat should be enough
to get them to back down. Rice was in Paris for consultations before heading to
Moscow and London.
The IAEA next takes up the Iran question on Nov. 24. Rice would not predict
how Russia will vote.
"An abstention is a wait-and-see," and the diplomatic process has not played
out, Rice said.
She indicated the issue may linger past next month's vote, when the U.S. had
been expected to push for a vote that would send Iran's case forward
After the last vote, U.S. officials were insistent that absent a major
turnabout from Iran, a Security Council referral for possible punishment was
Washington, which has no diplomatic relations with Iran, long has contended
that the hardline Islamic nation is hiding a bomb-making project behind a
legitimate program to develop civilian nuclear power stations.
Russia is helping Iran build one part of that civilian program, but the deal
does not give Tehran full access to nuclear technology that could be diverted
for weapons. Rice said that arrangement shows Russia shares global alarm about
Britain, France and Germany led two years of off-and-on talks with Iran over
ending disputed portions of its nuclear program in exchange for economic
incentives. Iranian officials rejected a proposed deal that, like the Russian
model, would have kept some parts of the nuclear energy process off limits to
Rice's discussions on Iran come at a sensitive time. Iran has shown a
willingness to return to negotiations, but not to drop what it calls its right
to full nuclear know-how. Iran's supreme leader also may be trying to undercut
the authority of Iran's new government.