UN: Time running out for quake survivors
Updated: 2005-10-14 10:20
With snow falling in parts of Kashmir, harried relief workers tried to reach
remote areas on foot Thursday as the U.N.'s emergency relief chief warned time
was running out for many survivors of South Asia's massive earthquake.
U.N. Undersecretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland flew
by helicopter to the Kashmiri city of Muzaffarabad, where he said millions of
people urgently needed food, medicine, shelter and blankets. The U.N. estimates
2 million people are homeless ahead of the Himalayan region's fierce winter.
"I fear we are losing the race against the clock in the small villages" cut
off by blocked roads, Egeland said. "I've never seen such devastation before. We
are in the sixth day of operation, and every day the scale of devastation is
The plea came after a 5.6-magnitude
aftershock jolted parts of Pakistan early Thursday, forcing a rescue team to
suspend efforts to save a trapped woman. She died before the rescuers returned
to the precarious rubble.
An earthquake survivor holds an IV bag for a
loved one as they wait for a helicopter to arrive and evacuate them from a
river bank in Balakot, Pakistan Thursday, Oct. 13, 2005.
The quake death toll was more than 35,000, and tens of thousands were
injured. India has reported more than 1,350 deaths in the part of disputed
Kashmir that it controls.
Carrying water, juice and milk, a relief team from Britain-based Plan
International flew in a helicopter to villages in northern Mansehra district in
North West Frontier Province and found death and misery.
"The whole valley is smelling awfully," said Dr. Irfan Ahmed, the aid group's
health adviser. "People were hungry and panicking."
"Conditions are going from bad to worse. These people don't have any shelter.
Also the school has collapsed, and the children were in those classrooms," he
Ahmed said one elderly survivor was evacuated with a semiconscious 3-year-old
boy who was barely moving, his skin cold and clammy.
Another Britain-based group, ActionAid International in Pakistan, said its
workers tried to reach remote mountainous areas, but had to get out of their
truck and walk in one area because of bad roads and traffic jams.
"The problem is that people are facing a shortage of time," said Shafqat
Munir, a spokesman for the group. "It's cold, raining. People are without
shelter. They have food, clothes, blankets, but tents are a problem."
The 5.6-magnitude aftershock early Thursday was centered 85 miles north of
Islamabad, near the epicenter of Saturday's 7.6-magnitude quake that demolished
whole towns, mostly in Kashmir and northwestern Pakistan. The aftershock shook
buildings, but there was no significant damage in the already demolished region.
"People were scared. Even those who were sleeping in tents came out.
Everybody was crying," said Nisar Abbasi, 36, an accountant camping on the lawn
of his destroyed home in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir.
A 22-year-old woman detected by a sniffer dog in the rubble in Muzaffarabad
died after the aftershock forced rescue teams to suspend their efforts, rescuers
and witnesses said. When they returned after daybreak, the sniffer dog whined,
indicating it detected the smell of a corpse. Some rescue workers wept.
"It was a very difficult decision to leave a living person and I had a
responsibility to my team. It could have meant their death," said Steff Hopkins,
a British team leader.
A milder aftershock hit the same area Thursday night, with no immediate
reports of damage, according to Pakistan's state-run seismological center in the
northwestern city of Peshawar.
There have been dozens of aftershocks since the main quake. Experts said they
could go on for months.
In Muzaffarabad, relief workers wrapped 35 bodies in shrouds and carried out
a mass burial Thursday. The burial was coordinated by Jamat-e-Dawad, a group
linked to Islamic militants that is operating dozens of ambulances in the city
and running a camp for quake victims.
Earlier this week, the U.N. launched an international appeal for $272 million
for six months of emergency aid to Pakistan. Yvette Stevens, a U.N. relief
coordinator in Geneva, said about $165 million of aid had been pledged as of
Thursday. Some 30 nations have contributed relief supplies and manpower.
The U.S. military in Afghanistan loaded cargo planes with food, tarpaulins
and other emergency aid to begin dropping by parachute over areas of Pakistan on
Friday, officials said.
An Indian plane has also delivered aid to Pakistan despite the rivalry
between the two countries, which have fought three wars, two of them over
But the Kashmiri conflict continued unabated. Police in Indian-held Kashmir
said a woman suicide bomber blew herself up Thursday near an army convoy. A
militant group said five soldiers died, but police denied it.
Nearly a dozen Islamic rebel groups are fighting for Kashmir's independence
from India or its merger with Pakistan. Tens of thousands have