China gains ground on UN list of developed nations
China has risen 20 notches up a 170-nation
U.N.-compiled list of the world's most developed countries since 1990 thanks to
gains in household income and poverty-reduction efforts, a U.N. spokeswoman said
China is world's fastest growing economy over the past two decades, with per capita incomes rising threefold，the UNDP said in its 2005 Human Development Report.
The report recognized China's massive achievements in poverty relief in the past 30 years, saying that if it were not for China, the world would have regressed in poverty alleviation.
"On behalf of the UNDP, I congratulate the Chinese Government and people once again for this truly colossal achievement," said Khalid Malik, UN Resident Co-ordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in China.
The country's new Human Development Index Ranking reflects China's poverty eradication work over the past 30 years, the UNDP said.
Chinese officials say they cut abject poverty from 250 million people in 1978, the first year of economic reforms, to 29 million last year. The UNDP says household income has increased three times since 1990.
The Human Development Report also measures mortality rates, healthcare conditions and people's access to social services.
But much of China's new wealth has not reached residents and people in poorer
western China, the UNDP statement said.
East-west divisions are marked, the statement suggests.
"For example, if Guizhou (Province) were a country, it would rank just above
Namibia, while Shanghai would rank alongside Portugal on the Human Development
Index," the UNDP statement says, naming a chronically poor province in