The Thanksgiving Day celebrated
Thanksgiving Day , legal holiday in the U.S., first
celebrated in early colonial times in New England. The actual origin, however,
is probably the harvest festivals that are traditional in many parts of the
world Festivals and Feasts. After the first harvest was completed by the
Plymouth colonists in 1621, Governor William Bradford proclaimed a day of
thanksgiving and prayer, shared by all the colonists and neighboring Native
Americans. The Pilgrims of Plymouth Rock held their Thanksgiving in 1621 as a
three day "thank you" celebration to the leaders of the Wampanoag Indian tribe
and their families for teaching them the survival skills they needed to make it
in the New World. It was their good fortune that the tradition of the Wampanoags
was to treat any visitor to their homes with a share of whatever food the family
had, even if supplies were low. It was also an amazing stroke of luck that one
of the Wampanoag, Tisquantum or Squanto, had become close friends with a British
explorer, John Weymouth, and had learned the Pilgrim's language in his travels
to England with Weymouth.
After the first New England Thanksgiving the custom spread throughout the colonies, but each region chose its own date. In 1789 George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed November 26 a day of Thanksgiving.
Thanksgiving day continued to be celebrated in the United States on different days in different states until Mrs. Sarah Josepha Hale, editor of Godey's Lady's Book, decided to do something about it. For more than 30 years she wrote letters to the governors and presidents asking them to make Thanksgiving Day a national holiday.
Finally, in 1863, President Lincoln issued a White House proclamation calling on the "whole American people" wherever they lived to unite "with one heart and one voice" in observing a special day of thanksgiving. Setting apart the last Thursday of November for the purpose, the President urged prayers in the churches and in the homes to "implore the interposition of the almighty had to heal the wounds of the nations and to restore it...to full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquility and union." He also states that they express heartfelt thanks for the "blessing of fruitful fields and healthful skies."
In 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt advanced Thanksgiving Day one week. However, since some states used the new date and others the old, it was changed again 2 years later. Thanksgiving Day is now celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November.
The first formal celebration of Thanksgiving in North America was held by an English explorer, Martin Frobisher, who attempted to establish an English settlement on Baffin Island, after failing to discover a northern passage to the Orient in 1576. Canada established the second Monday in October as a national holiday, "a day of general thanksgiving," in 1957.
In 1817 New York State adopted Thanksgiving Day as an annual custom. By the middle of the 19th century many other states also celebrated a Thanksgiving Day. In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln appointed a national day of thanksgiving. Since then each president has issued a Thanksgiving Day proclamation, usually designating the fourth Thursday of each November as the holiday.