Chengdu

Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan Province. It's also the administrative, educational and cultural center of the southwest China.

Covering a total land area of 12,400 square kilometers, Chengdu has jurisdiction over 7 districts, 4 cities and 8 counties. By the end of 1999, Chengdu had had a population of 10.036 million.

Chengdu enjoys a long history. 2,500 years ago, Kaiming IX, king of ancient Shu in the Zhou Dynasty (11th century ĘC 256BC), started to set up the capital in Chengdu. "A town was built in this area in the first year and the capital in the second year", so the ancestor named the city as Chengdu, which means "to become a capital". Later on, Chengdu gradually became one of the most important centers of politics, economy and culture in China. It has been the capital for the feudal dynasties five times and twice for the peasant uprising regimes, known as Dashu and Daxi. As early as in the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), Chengdu began to enjoy the fame of one of the Top Five Capitals. In the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Chengdu was reputed as the Yang (Yangzhou) first, yi (Chengdu) second; it had by then became the economic center just after Yangzhou. In the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-8AD), brocades produced in Chengdu were very popular in China. So Chengdu was also called "the City of Brocade". In the Five Kingdoms Period (907-960), Mengchang, king of the Houshu Kingdom, decreed to plant hibiscuses on the protective wall of the city, so Chengdu was also called the City of Hibiscus. As one of China's famous historical and cultural cities, Chengdu enjoys rich tourist resources. 15,500 years ago, a well-known poet in the Jin Kingdom, Zuo Si extolled Chengdu as "lofty and pretty". This city has also gained the eulogium by both Li Bai, the poet immortal and Du Fu, the poet sage. With rich cultural heritage and beautiful scenic spots, Chengdu is such a city as being peaceful and prosperous.

 
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