Uncontaminated Lugu Lake
Updated: 2006-07-07 17:39 The Lugu Lake is located between Ninglang County in Yunnan Province and
Yanyuan County in Sichuan Province, 300 kilometers away from Lijiang County. It
is a plateau lake with a total area of 52 square kilometers, 2685 meters above
sea level. The average depth is 45 meters, the deepest point being 93 meters.
The water is very clear. The lake remains an uncontaminated plateau lake.
Among the five islands in the lake, three are in the territory of Yunnan and
two in that of Sichuan. Heiwawudao, Ligedao are metaphorically called "Three
Islands of Ponglai" (Islands of the Immortals). Sitting in the middle of the
lake, Heiwawudao Island is also called "the Chieftain Island" because Ashaoyun,
the chieftain of Yongning, built his villa on the island in the Guangxu period
of the Qing dynasty. Rock, an American scientist, also used to reside on this island. On the south side of the lake stands
Liwubidao Island lies at the foot of the Lion Mountain. It is actually a small
peninsular formed by the extension of the Lion Mountain into the Lake. A dozen
of Mosuo families live on this island so it is possible for the visitors to
experience the life on the island and, at the same time, enjoy the beautiful
scenery of the lake.
The pretty and graceful Mosuo girls, the ancient and
natural canoes and the moving and pleasant fishing songs are considered to be
the "three most enjoyable things on the lake".
The lugu lake is embraced in green mountains. The best-loved one by the Mosuo
people is the Holy Gemu Mountain (the Lion Mountaion). The local people worship
it as their Goddess Gemu. On 25th July of each lunar year, they will gather at
the foot of the mountain for a great sacrificial rite.
Many cultural sites and scenic spots are scattered along the lakeside.
They are Mosuo villages, plateau hot springs, the underground maze-The Lucky
Cave, the Chieftain's Palace, the Zhamei Lamaist Temple, Riyuehe - The Ruins of
the Yuan Army Quarters when Kublai Khan was on his south - expansion, yongning -
the key town on the ancient tea and horse trading route. Many beautiful legends
have been circulating among the people.
The Mosuos, a branch of the Naxi nationality with a population of about
15000, are the main ethnic group scattered in the lakeside villages. The Mosuo
women wear long hair tied into a bun and red, green and black garments and white
folding skirts with colorful sashes tied round their waists. Before 13 years
old, they usually wear long gowns. After the initiation ceremony at the age of
13, men wear trousers and women wear skirts.
The Mosuo people have their own ways and customs, still retain some
remnants of the matriarchal society. Men and women are not bound by marriage,
each living at one's mother's home. Men work at home during the day and spend
their night with the women they love in theiv homes. Children are under the care
of and supported by their maternal families. Fathers do not live in the same
family with their children and women so that they are not bound up with their
women financially in their production and life. This unique wedlock values
affection and gives more freedom to men and women in their relationships. They
may choose to unite or separate at will. It has been considered as the living
fossil as a basis for a study of social patterns and matriarchal marriage
customs in today' s world.
The Mosuo wooden houses are built with square
- deged timber in the style of "jinganshi building", also called Mulengfang
(Timber House). The Naxi Villages look graceful and unaffected. The Zhuanshan
Festival (the Festival of Turning - around the Mountain) which falls on 25th
July of the lunar year is the traditional festival of the Mosuo people. On that
day they would dres in their Sunday best to worship the Gemu Goddess Mountain
(the Lion Mountain) and pray for the Goddess' protection. It is also a time for
horse racing, wrestling and antiphonal sining. The young people take the chance
to search for their lovers, whom they call Axia.