Today in History

Jan 1,1979: China and the United States establish formal diplomatic relations

Updated: 2011-03-25 16:38

Jan 1, 1923: The Haifeng County Farmers' Union of Guangdong is founded

On Jan 1, 1923, the Haifeng County Farmers' Union of Guangdong was founded. It was China's first county farmers' union, including departments of education, health, finance, agriculture and arbitration. Peng Pai was its first president, and the number of the union's members was about 10 million. Farmers' movements in Lufeng County, Huiyang County were successively developed under the influence of Haifeng Farmers' Movement.

Jan 1, 1924: The CPC Central Committee and Central Socialist Youth League hold joint conference

On Jan 1, 1924, the CPC Central Committee and Central Socialist Youth League held a joint meeting in Shanghai to discuss the reorganization of the Kuomintang. Borodin made a presentation; Chen Duxiu reported on the progress of cooperation between Kuomintang and the Communist Party since the Third Party congresses. The conference adopted the following resolutions: (1) After listening to the work report made by Comrade Borodin and Chen Duxiu, they deem that the work was done correctly; (2) Communist Party members should oppose the old KMTs' misunderstanding of the national revolutionary movement after they join the KMT in the future; (3) Communist Party members should not seek positions in a variety of committees; (4) All party member representatives should defend all of the Declaration's terms. On organizational issues, the constitution should not be used to bound representatives. In the provinces, the Left must be elected to attend congresses.

Jan 1, 1948: Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee consisting of the Kuomintang Democratic factions is established in Hong Kong

On Jan 1, 1948, the reorganized Chinese Kuomintang Revolutionary Committee, consisting of the Kuomintang Democratic factions, was established in Hong Kong and issued a declaration that was an explicit proposal to "overthrow the traitorous Chiang Kai-shek dictatorship". From Jan 5 to 19, Shen Junru and Zhang Bojun--- the Central Standing Committee of China Democratic League, held the Third Plenary Session in Hong Kong to adjust and enrich the institutions, rehabilitate activities and issue a declaration that advocate the adoption of revolutionary methods and against the reactionary Kuomintang government and U.S. policy toward China. A spokesman of the CPC Central Committee welcomed the establishment of Revolutionary Democratic League and resumption of activities, saying that this "expressed how broad the united front of opposition is to U.S. imperialism and the reactionary Chiang Kai-shek's ruling national democratic movement".

Jan 1, 1952: Mao Zedong calls on to launch a large-scale struggle to battle corruption, waste and bureaucracy

On Jan 1, 1952 Mao Zedong called on at New Year's greeting party: "all our people and staff unanimously launch a large-scale struggle to battle corruption, battle waste, battle the bureaucracy and cleanse the filth of the old society with great fanfare, in a vigorous and resolute manner. On Jan 4, the CPC Central Committee issued a set of "instructions on mobilizing the masses immediately to carry out the struggle", asking for all units to immediately mobilize the masses to carry out the struggle by the deadline.

Jan 1, 1953: China begins the implementation of the first Five-Year Plan to develop the national economy

Jan 1, 1979: The NPC Standing Committee issues a "Message to Taiwan Compatriots"

On Jan 1, 1979 the NPC Standing Committee issued a "Message to Taiwan Compatriots", which declared that the realization of China's reunification is the desire of the people and the general direction of history. China's leaders expressed their determination to consider the realities of national reunification. First, they proposed that both sides end the military confrontation, realize postal shipping as soon as possible, and develop trade and economic exchanges. In the afternoon, the CPPCC National Committee held a forum on this. Deng Xiaoping delivered a speech in which he declared that "resolving the Taiwan question and the complete reunification of the motherland should put on the specific agenda". The same day, Defense Minister Xu Xiangqian issued a statement declaring that suspend the bombardment to the large Kinmen, Little Kinmen, Tai Tam, the second Tam and other islands. Thus, the shelling of these areas ended since 1958.

Jan 1, 1979: China and the United States establish formal diplomatic relations

Jan 1, 1982: The CPC Central Committee approves and transmits the "Summary of the National Conference on Rural Work"

On Jan 1, 1982, the CPC Central Committee approved and transmitted the "Summary of the National Conference on Rural Work" (1982 Central Document No.1). The "Summary" said: At present more than 90% of the rural production teams have established various forms of the agricultural production responsibility system, including fixed payment of small pieces contracting, contracting jobs along specialized lines and linking payment to output, co-production to labor, contract production quotas to individual households, and work contracted to household. These are the production responsibility system of socialist collective economy, reflecting the strong desire of requirements of hundreds of millions of farmers to develop socialist agriculture in accordance with the actual situation of China's rural areas. No matter what form, as long as the masses do not require changes, make no changes. The party's leadership at all levels should note to cadres and the masses that our agriculture must adhere to the road of socialist collectivization. Either public ownership of land and other basic production or collective economic establishing the production responsibility system is unchanged for a long term.

Jan 1, 1984:  The CPC Central Committee issues a "Notice of Rural Work in 1984"

On Jan 1, 1984, the CPC Central Committee issued a "Notice of Rural Work in 1984" (referred to as Central Document No. 1 of 1984), emphasizing the stability and improvement of the production responsibility system, improving production levels, clearing the distribution channels, developing commodity production, and extending the land contract period to be normally more than 15 years. From Jan 16 to 26, the department of agriculture, livestock and fishery held a National Agricultural Work Conference to discuss the implementation of the "notice"spirit that uses the spirit of bold exploration and reform, consolidate and improve the responsibility system, transfer the main attention to the commodity production so that the majority of farmers get rich.

Jan 1, 1985: The CPC Central Committee and State Council release "Ten policies for activating the rural economy" 

On Jan 1, 1985 the CPC Central Committee and State Council released "Ten policies for activating the rural economy" (referred to as the Central Document No. 1 of 1985). The document states: after breaking the "iron rice bowl" in collective economy, the rural work should focus on the further reform of the agricultural management system, reform of agricultural products purchasing system, expansion of market regulation under the direction of state plan so that agricultural production can meet market needs, promote rationalization of industrial structure in rural areas, and further enlivening the rural economy. This document marked the beginning of China's rural reform and unified the purchasing system for agricultural products, the second step of reform of adjusting the industrial structure as the main content.

Jan 1, 1986: The CPC Central Committee and State Council issue "deployment on the rural work in 1986"

On Jan 1, 1986 the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued a "deployment on the rural work in 1986" (referred to as Central Document No. 1 of 1986). The paper reported the following: Rural Development has embarked on the track of a planned commodity economy. Agriculture and rural industry development must be coordinated, the "no work, not rich" and "non-agricultural instability" should be organically integrated. The requirements of the total rural work in 1986 are: implementation of policies, in-depth reforms to improve agricultural production conditions, organization of antenatal and postnatal services to promote the sustainable, and stable and coordinated development of rural economy.

Jan 1, 2006: China officially abolishes the agricultural tax

CPC Heroes

Zhu De

Zhu De, born in Yilong County of Sichuan Province in 1886 and passed away in 1976, is a great Marxist, proletarian revolutionary, statesman and military strategist.

Chen Yi

A native of Le Zhi, in Southwest China's Sichuan Province, and awarded by the People's Republic of China the military rank of marshal; Served as the country's Vice Premier (1954-1972) and Foreign Minister (1958-1972)

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