Government and Policy

China raises interest rate by 25 basis points

Updated: 2011-04-05 18:50
Large Medium Small

BEIJING - The People's Bank of China (PBOC), the central bank, announced Tuesday it would raise the benchmark one-year borrowing and lending interest rates by 25 basis points beginning Wednesday.

This was the second time that China's central bank raised the benchmark interest rates this year and the fourth such increase since October last year.

Related readings:
China raises interest rate by 25 basis points China to be cautious on interest rate rises
China raises interest rate by 25 basis points PBoC tipped to lift yuan clearing interest rate
China raises interest rate by 25 basis points China's interest rate raised second time in 2010
China raises interest rate by 25 basis points Speed up interest rate reform

After the hikes, the one-year deposit interest rate will climb to 3.25 percent while that of the one-year loan interest rate will reach 6.31 percent.

Analysts said the move indicated that the central bank was enhancing efforts to ease stubborn consumer price increases.

The consumer price index (CPI), a main gauge of China's inflation, jumped 4.9 percent in February from a year earlier, exceeding the government's full-year target of 4 percent.

Food prices, which account for about one-third in the basket of goods used to calculate China's CPI, surged by 11 percent in February from a year ago.

"It's widely expected that the reading of March's CPI will hit a new high. The interest rate rise is the central bank's advance response to the pressure of rising inflation," said Liu Yuhui, an economist with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, a government think tank.

Rising oil and commodity prices on the global markets will also push prices higher in China during the year, said Lu Zhengwei, chief economist with Industrial Bank.

Lu expected China's CPI growth to reach a new high of 5.2 percent in March, adding that there would be another two or three benchmark interest rate hikes during the rest of the year.

The National Bureau of Statistics is scheduled to release the March economic data on April 15, including the CPI, industrial production and fixed asset investment.

The Chinese government has prioritized price stability in this year's government work report and stepped up efforts to bring inflation under control.

To mop up the excessive liquidity that helps fuel inflation, the central bank has raised the reserve requirement ratio for commercial banks nine times since the beginning of last year.

Besides the monetary tools, the government also implemented production boosts and intensified crackdown on price speculations and hoarders.