Zhang Bin, a resident of Ningbo, in Zhejiang
Province, began selling online game accounts on the Internet in February 2005.
Among his customers was a man surnamed Shen, who bought an account for 4,800
yuan. Several days later, Shen discovered that his account had been embezzled,
and reported it to the police. They investigated and concluded that the thief
was none other than Zhang himself.
After being convicted, Zhang was sentenced to one year in prison and given a
5,000-yuan fine, along with a two-year suspended sentence, by the Ningbo Haishu
In recent years, the growing number of "virtual property" disputes has
aroused much public discussion, particularly the question of whether virtual
property can be treated the same as real assets. Some Internet users who have
been victims of virtual property theft have turned to the court for rulings that
virtual theft can be punished in the real world.
In prosecuting the Zhang case, the Ningbo Haishu District Procuratorate said
that virtual, or online, property is equivalent to real belongings and can be
transferred either free of charge or for payment without damaging its value.
Thus, stealing virtual property is a crime.
Going to court
In 2003, an online game player who lost "weapons" and "treasure" in the
virtual world turned to the court for help and won China's first virtual
property dispute case.
Li Hongchen, a 24-year-old company employee in north China's Hebei Province,
had spent two years and over 10,000 yuan playing the game Red Moon and
purchasing virtual "biochemical weapons." However, he found all his "weapons"
had been stolen in February 2003 and were allegedly being used by another player
with the online ID "Shuiliu0011."
Li first asked the game operator to identify the player who was suspected of
stealing the items and close his account, but the company refused, saying it
could not disclose players' personal information, which is regarded as private.
Li then resorted to the police, but got no assistance. So he took his case to
court, demanding 10,000 yuan in compensation. The Beijing Chaoyang District
Court ruled that the online game company, Beijing Arctic Ice Technology
Development Co. Ltd., should restore Li's lost items.
Li Junhui, a researcher of Internet law at the China University of Political
Science and Law, pointed out that most of the earlier virtual property disputes
followed the same settlement pattern of civil action, that is, the game operator
restored the player's lost items. Recently, however, several cases had involved
criminal actions, with the perpetrators being convicted of theft. This
represents a big change from the past in recognizing the legal existence of
virtual property, Li said.
At this point, China has not promulgated any specific laws on virtual
property. As a result, many owners of lost property have no idea where to turn
for help. Law enforcement agencies also have difficulties in dealing with such
According to Yang Huibo, a lawyer at the Julong Law Firm in Guangdong
Province, virtual property theft can be treated as a crime under the current
Criminal Law, but two conditions must be met. One is that the victim must prove
ownership of the lost property, and the other is that he or she must prove that
the property has been stolen. Once the suspect is found, he or she can be tried