U.S. accusations that China is
failing to live up to its World Trade Organization (WTO)(find more in WTO
package) commitments have been rejected by experts in China,
which has just received an "A-plus" performance rating from WTO director-general
In response to complaints of rampant piracy, protectionism and export
subsidies, Zhao Yumin, an expert of the Commerce Ministry research institute,
said the United States had failed to thoroughly examine China's performance, so
it could not provide an objective appraisal.
The report, issued by the U.S. Trade Representative's Office on Monday, in
the run-up to the top-level China-U.S. strategic economic dialogue in Beijing on Thursday, is widely seen by Chinese experts as an
attempt to pressure the Chinese government on certain key issues.
Complaining of a lack of a forceful crackdown on piracy, the report said,
"China routinely fines copyright violators rather than prosecuting them."
But Zhao said China had issued regulations in 2004 that stipulated prison
terms of up to seven years for those convicted of selling more than 5,000
Chinese statistics show that from July to October this year, more than 140
violators received jail terms across the country.
"It is true that administrative penalties remain the common practice for
dealing with copyright violators, but the government has become tough on the
issue," said Zhao.
"These efforts are impressive for a developing country like China, when
reducing poverty and addressing unemployment remain priorities," she said.
Regarding the market opening, the U.S. Trade Representative Susan Schwab said
certain U.S. industries "face frustrating barriers to doing business in China
and there are worrisome signs that China's market liberalization efforts have
slowed in the last year".
Lan Yisheng, an economics professor with the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, argued that
every nation had the right to control industries of significant importance to
national security. "It does not break WTO rules," he was quoted as saying in
Wednesday's China Business News.
"China opened all the sectors listed in its
WTO commitments five years ago and removed barriers to foreign participation,"
said Zhao Yumin.
The U.S. report also targeted increasing Chinese exports, saying the Chinese
government provided substantial resources to support Chinese industries and
"The Chinese government has abolished subsidies on export products as it
promised," said Zhao.
"Even in the agricultural sector, highly protected in both developed and
developing countries, China has abolished subsidies on exports," she said.
"China has become one of the most open economic entities in the world," said
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