Rural labor shortage beginning to be felt
Updated: 2006-05-29 09:12
Despite government figures to indicate China still has a contingent of 150
million migrant workers awaiting to transfer from rural to urban areas,
signs have emerged to show that the country's labor resources is on a trend of
Although southern booming Guangdong Province has sucked up
more than 19 million migrant workers, its annual labor shortfall remained at two
million. Factories found it hard for them to employ migrant workers with low
income any more.
Shortfall of labor power has cropped up not only in
coastal booming towns, but in inland cities. Central China's Henan Province, the
country's most populous province, for instance, has gone all out to expand
textile and clothing industries but the workforce in local textile and clothing
mills was only 70 percent of what they had expected.
A latest survey
from the Ministry of Labor and Social Security showed that in 2006, construction
engineering and machine building enterprises in prosperous coastal areas are
willing to pay workers at least 1,000 yuan (about 125 US dollars) per month,
almost equal to the local monthly salary of college graduates. But these
enterprises paid 600 yuan to workers every month three years ago.
Jun, director of the Research Center of Rural Economy under the Development
Research Center of the State Council, said that 20 percent of the rural areas in
China no longer have surplus labors at present.
Xinyang City of Henan
Province had 3.5 million rural laborers, and 1.86 million of them, mostly young
or middle-aged, had gone to work in major cities. And the city hired at least
30,000 workers to pick tea this year owing to intensive female labor outflow.
Cai Fang, a noted expert in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,
acknowledged that although there will not be a shortfall of laborers in the
absolute number of trades and industries in the years ahead, the scarcity of
laborers will be felt in some areas and in some particular industries.
Since China initiated reform and opening-up policies in late
1970's, noted Prof. Wen Tiejun with elite Remin University in Beijing,
factories and enterprises, obtaining cheap land thanks for governmental
preferential policies and mainly engaging in processing materials supplied by
overseas clients, have mushroomed in southern and eastern China cities.
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