The Beijing Economic and Technological Development Area (BDA) is the
only State-level development zone in Beijing, part of which is the Yizhuang
Science Park under Zhongguancun Scientific & Technological
Situated in the southeast
suburb of Beijing, the BDA sits to the west of the entrance to the
Beijing-Tianjin-Tanggu Expressway and south of the planned Fifth Ring Road. The
BDA is 3.5 kilometers to the south of the Fourth Ring Road, 7 kilometers to the
south of the Third Ring Road, and 16.5 kilometers away from the Tian'anmen
Square in downtown Beijing. It is 20 minutes' drive to the Capital International
Airport, 5 minutes' drive to the Cargo Railway Station nearby, and 90 minutes'
drive to the Tianjin New Harbor. The eastern part of the BDA is the industrial
area, the western part is the living quarters, and in between are the
administration and service areas. On the outskirts of the zone is the Supporting
Area covering 143 square kilometers.
The BDA is in the temperate continental monsoon
climate zone. The average annual temperature is 11.5 centigrade, the highest
average 26 centigrade and the lowest average -6 centigrade. The annual average
rainfall is 580 millimeters.
As the country's largest scientific and
technological research center and base, Beijing has 507 national and municipal
research institutions, ranking the first in China. Beijing has 136 colleges and
universities including Peking University, Tsinghua University and Renmin
University of China. There are 45,000 registered post-graduates and 440,000
undergraduates and students on vocational training courses. In addition, there
are 118 technical schools, 282 high schools, 94 vocational high schools, and
3,086 further education institutes.
About 80 percent of the total
industrial output in the BDA is contributed by such high-tech pillar industries
like pharmaceuticals, information technology, integrated mechanic-electronic
products and new materials.
Aiming at becoming a high-tech
industry base, the BDA focuses on attracting investment from high-tech
companies, multinational companies, and other backbone industrial giants.
BDA set to become the core area of
Yizhuang Satellite City that covers a planning area of 195 square kilometers, a
construction area of 90 square kilometers with a population of 500 thousand and
one of the priority development areas in the metropolis of Beijing.
(Source: Ministry of Commerce)
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