The Law of the People's Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and
Plant Quarantine, adopted at the 22nd Meeting of the Standing Committee of the
Seventh National People's Congress on October 30, 1991, is now promulgated, and
shall enter into force as of April 1, 1992.
President of the People's Republic of China: Yang Shangkun
October 30, 1991
Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 This Law is formulated for the purpose of preventing
infectious or parasitic diseases of animals, diseases, insect pests and weeds
dangerous to plants, and other harmful organisms (hereinafter referred to, for
short, as diseases, insect pests and harmful organisms) from spreading into or
out of the country, protecting the production of agriculture, forestry, animal
husbandry and fishery as well as human health, and promoting the development of
foreign economic relations and trade.
Article 2 Animals and plants, their products and other quarantine
objects, containers and packaging materials used for carrying animals and
plants, their products or other quarantine objects, as well as means of
transport from animal or plant epidemic areas shall, on entry or exit, be
subject to quarantine inspection in accordance with this Law.
Article 3 An animal and plant quarantine department shall be instituted
under the State Council (hereinafter referred to, for short, as the State animal
and plant quarantine department), which shall conduct a unified administration
of the entry and exit animal and plant quarantine in the whole country. Port
animal and plant quarantine offices set up by the State animal and plant
quarantine department at ports open to the outside world and at places busy with
entry and exit animal and plant quarantine shall, in accordance with this Law,
carry out entry and exit animal and plant quarantine.
The department in charge of the quarantine of animal products leaving the
country for trade purposes shall be designated by the State Council as it deems
The department of agriculture administration under the State Council shall be
in charge of the entry and exit animal and plant quarantine in the whole
Article 4 A port animal and plant quarantine office may exercise the
following functions and powers when performing quarantine inspection:
(1) Embarking on a ship, a vehicle or an airplane to perform quarantine
under this Law;
(2) Entering a seaport, an airport, a railway or coach station, a post
office or a site where quarantine objects are stored, processed, bred or
cultivated, to perform quarantine inspection and collect samples according to
(3) Entering a site relating to production or storage according to the
needs of quarantine, to carry out epidemic monitoring and investigations or
quarantine supervision and control;
(4) Consulting, making copies of or excerpts from operational diaries,
bills of lading, contracts, invoices or other documents relating to the
Article 5 The State shall prohibit the following objects from entering
(1) Pathogenic micro-organisms (including seed cultures of bacteria and
viruses) of animals and plants, insect pests and other harmful organisms;
(2) Relevant animals and plants, their products and other quarantine
objects from countries or regions with prevalent epidemic animal or plant
(3) Animal carcasses; and
When a port animal and plant quarantine office discovers any objects
prohibited from entering the country as prescribed in the preceding paragraph,
such objects shall be returned or destroyed.
Whoever, because of special needs such as scientific research, imports any
objects prohibited from entering the country as prescribed in the first
paragraph of this Article, must submit an application in advance, which shall be
subject to the approval by the State animal and plant quarantine department.
The catalogues of objects prohibited from entering the country as prescribed
in (2) of the first paragraph of this Article shall be worked out and announced
by the department of agriculture administration under the State Council.
Article 6 In the event that a serious animal or plant epidemic occurs
abroad and is liable to spread into the country, the State Council shall adopt
emergent preventive measures and may, when necessary, issue orders to prohibit
means of transport from animal or plant epidemic areas from entering the country
or to blockade the relevant ports; the local people's governments in areas
threatened by the animal or plant epidemic as well as the port animal and plant
quarantine offices concerned shall immediately take emergency measures, and, at
the same time, report to the people's governments at higher levels and the State
animal and plant quarantine department.
The departments of posts and telecommunications and departments of
transportation shall give priority to transmitting or transporting reports
concerning serious animal or plant epidemic or materials to be sent for
Article 7 The State animal and plant quarantine department and port
animal and plant quarantine offices shall practise a quarantine supervision
system in relation to the procedures in the production, processing and storage
of animals and plants and their products for entry or exit.
Article 8 When a port animal and plant quarantine office is carrying
out its tasks of quarantine inspection in seaports, airports, railway or coach
stations, or post offices, relevant departments such as the Customs, departments
of communications, civil aviation, or railways, and postal services shall
Article 9 Any quarantine functionary of an animal and plant quarantine
organ must be devoted to his or her duties and enforce the law impartially.
No unit or individual may obstruct a quarantine functionary of an animal and
plant quarantine organ from carrying out his or her duties according to law.
Chapter II Entry Quarantine
Article 10 Whoever imports animals, animal products, plant seeds,
seedlings or other propagating materials must submit an application in advance
and go through the formalities for examination and approval of quarantine
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