China's drive to cultivate world-class scientists, the Ten-Thousand Talents Program, is seen as an effort to pave the way for a Nobel Prize.
Japan is trying to justify attempts to break away from its pacifist Constitution and build up its military by fanning the so-called China threat, experts said.
The faster-than-expected yuan-denominated loan growth in November might trigger central bank officials to get tougher on restraining debt.
The 2014 national holiday schedule has provoked mixed reactions from the public, as it links official holiday periods with weekends.
Many pilots flying scheduled airliners in China must become qualified to land in poor visibility if they want to fly to Beijing next year.